Welcome to The Yocum Library of Reading Area Community College's Blog!

For many years we have published a print newsletter for the RACC community that provided information on the library's staff, resources, and services. In order to provide information on a more timely basis, we decided to switch to the blog format. We hope that you enjoy learning more about The Yocum Library of RACC.

Thursday, March 26, 2015

Scheduled Classes for Computers

9:30 .a.m - 10:50 a.m. Reserved—Ms. Gieringer
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Ms. Dawn Gieringer COM051 (20) Finding books & e-books presented by Ms.Kim Stahler.

7:30 p.m. - 8:30 p.m. Reserved—Ms. Gieringer
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Ms. Dawn Gieringer COM051 (20) Finding books & e-books presented by Ms. Patricia Nouhra.

Free Museum Admission Pass to the Reading Public Museum

Reading Public Museum
Free museum Admission Pass to the Reading Public Museum
is available at the
The Yocum Library
Check a pass out for 1 week.
Admits 2 adults & 4 children or 6 RACC students.

Free museum passes are available at the Service Desk. There is a limited number of passes. You may want to call before you come in 610- 607-6237.
If there are no passes available at that time you may place one on the holds list and we will call you when one is available.

They may be checked out for one week. You can go to the online catalog to put a pass on hold for the Reading Museum Pass.

Word of the Day

1. the substitution of a harsh, disparaging, or unpleasant expression for a more neutral one.
2. an expression so substituted.

They were given considerable latitude in determining who should become a target of their "collection efforts." (The term "spying" was considered a dysphemism, though many believed it to be a more honest description of domestic intelligence work.)
-- David Lindsey, An Absence of Light, 1994

Dysphemism is derived from the Greek dys- meaning “ill, bad” and phḗmē meaning “speaking.” It entered English in the late 1800s.


Free Pass for The Historical Society of Berks County

The pass admits one individual to the museum only, not the library.

Historical Society of Berks County

Berks History Center
The Berks History Center is located at 940 Centre Ave, Reading, PA.
The museum has an historical object collection exceeding 20,000 items. Included are works of art by Ben Austrian, Jack Coggins, Ralph D. Dunkelberger, G.B. Kostenbader, Earle Poole, E.S. Reeser, Christopher Shearer, Victor Shearer, and Frederick Spang.

In addition to the permanent collection, the museum hosts up to three temporary exhibits a year.

Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Scheduled Classes for Computers

12:20 p.m. - 1:30 p.m. Reserved—Kwitkowski
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Ms. Teresa Kwitkowski COM051 (20) NO INSTRUCTION -- reserve 12 computers.

NPR - Books

'Dirty Old London': A History Of The Victorians' Infamous Filth

In the 19th century, London was the capital of the largest empire the world had ever known — and it was infamously filthy. It had choking, sooty fogs; the Thames River was thick with human sewage; and the streets were covered with mud.

But according to Lee Jackson, author of Dirty Old London: The Victorian Fight Against Filth, mud was actually a euphemism. "It was essentially composed of horse dung," he tells Fresh Air's Sam Briger. "There were tens of thousands of working horses in London [with] inevitable consequences for the streets. And the Victorians never really found an effective way of removing that, unfortunately."

In fact, by the 1890s, there were approximately 300,000 horses and 1,000 tons of dung a day in London. What the Victorians did, Lee says, was employ boys ages 12 to 14 to dodge between the traffic and try to scoop up the excrement as soon as it hit the streets.

"It was an immense and impossible challenge," Lee says.

To the public health-minded Victorian, London presented an overwhelming reform challenge. But there wasn't change until the city took over.

"It takes decades for people to accept that the state perhaps has a role in how they manage their household, how they manage their rubbish, their toilet facilities even," Lee says. "The state basically does intervene and it is that idea of a central authority that is actively concerned — what the Victorians would've called 'municipal socialism.' ... That mission to improve people's lives on a very day-to-day basis was carried on throughout the 20th century."

Interview Highlights

On what it was like to walk around Victorian London

The first thing you'd notice if you stepped out onto the streets would be the mud that lined the carriageways, but of course it wasn't really mud.

The air itself was generally filled with soot and smoke. It was famously said of the sheep in Regent's Park — there were still grazing sheep in Regent's Park in the mid-Victorian period — that you could tell how long they'd been in the capital by how dirty their coats were. They [went] increasingly from white to black over a period of days.

If you were a respectable person, you had to wash your face and hands several times during the day to make sure that you looked half decent. ... You had the stench from blocked drains and cesspools below houses. It wasn't really a pleasant experience.

On the horse dung and urine on the streets

Urine, of course ... soaked the streets. There was an experiment in Piccadilly with wood paving in the midcentury and it was abandoned after a few weeks because the sheer smell of ammonia that was coming from the pavement was just impossible. Also the shopkeepers nearby said that this ammonia was actually discoloring their shop fronts as well.

On cesspools and the first water closets

This is the thing that's often forgotten: that London at the start of the 19th century, it was basically filled with these cesspools. There'd be brick chambers ... they'd be maybe 6 feet deep, about 4 [feet] wide and every house would have them. They'd be ideally in the back garden away from the house, but equally in central London and more crowded areas it was more common to have a cesspool in the basement. ... And above the cesspool would be where your household privy would be. And that was basically your sanitary facilities, for want of a better term.

That actually worked quite well for a little while, but then people got very interested in this new invention — the water closet. And it's often ignored that the water closets were initially connected to these cesspools, not the sewer system that existed in the start of the century — that was just for rainwater. So you get water closets coming in and they're connected to cesspools and they don't really fit because of the extra large volume of flushing water. You get these surges of waste and dump and smell, and people start getting very concerned about what's in their cesspools because of the stink that's rising from them. ...

The idea that this sort of stench is coming into the house, seeping through the house and possibly bringing in diseases like cholera or typhoid ... is actually one of the great driving forces of sanitary reform in the 19th century.

On how cesspools were built and emptied

Cesspools were built to be porous so the liquid part of the waste was meant to seep away into the ground. There was no knowledge of bacteriological contamination, although there was plenty of it happening. Nevertheless, you had this residue of solid matter left and it was removed by so-called "night soil men." This wasn't a full-time job for people; there were often dustmen or laborers or bricklayers who made a little extra money on the side and they would come in the middle of the night to your home. And it was by law in the night because the stench of venting a cesspool was considered too disturbing during the day. And they would unfortunately have to [climb] down into the pit, shovel out the muck and get it into a wicker basket, get it into a cart. And at the start of the century, that was actually reasonably productive labor because the cart could then be taken out to the countryside and the manure could be sold to farmers.

On the first public toilets

It's often said that the first public toilets were at the Great Exhibition, which was the first world expo held in Hyde Park [in 1851]. It had 6 million visitors in a matter of months and there were indeed public toilets set up in the exhibition. But there was a great debate after that closed as to whether London needed such facilities actually on the street.

London Through The Eyes Of Dickens In 'The Victorian City'
It was tied up with notions of shame and respectability and it was particularly said that women would be just too embarrassed to enter a public toilet on the public street.

On personal hygiene for the lower class

There were a few parish pumps that you could freely use if you could get to them, but you have people cramped in tenement accommodations ... in London. And ... how many buckets of water, even if you had the buckets, could you carry up to, say, a fourth-floor tenement? ... If you were poor, your basic water supply — which would do for washing, for cooking, for cleaning, for laundry — often it was from a standpipe provided by your landlord. And that water supply would be turned on for something like two to three hours per week. There were literally crowds of people queuing and fighting at these standpipes in the slums of London. And if you wanted to wash, then you had virtually no options. So the poor working men would actually go anywhere where there was a river, a canal or a lake and strip off and try and bathe.

On how things improved

The Victorians did achieve something: They built the famous great sewer network of the mid-19th century. [It was] built by Joseph Bazalgette, a renowned civil engineer, and that did achieve a lot. It basically took away the possibility of wholesale cholera epidemics in the city, typhus and typhoid — they all were reduced. But basically it's only until the end of the 19th century and into the 20th century that you get a sort of an effective central authority for London that you actually start to see change.


Word of the Day

1. Lofty or grandiose in speech or expression; using a high-flown style of discourse; bombastic.

His magniloquent western name was the moral umbrella upon which he balanced the fine problem of his finances. He was widely respected.
-- James Joyce, "A Mother," Dubliners, 1914

Magniloquent entered English in the mid-1600s and finds its roots in the Latin magniloquus meaning "speaking grandly."


Daily Writing Tips - 7 Essay Writing Tips To Ace Your Next Exam

7 Essay Writing Tips To Ace Your Next Exam
by Stephen Holliday

*Despite students’ wildest hope of avoiding the dreaded essay exam—one that requires either short or long essay answers rather than multiple choice answers—most find themselves taking such an exam, particularly for subjects like history, philosophy, literature, sociology, political science and others. This type of exam, however, can be successfully managed if you follow a few guidelines outlined here:

1. After the initial panic passes, read through all the questions before you begin to answer any of them, underlining key words and phrases that will help guide you in your answer. In many cases, instructors will incorporate key words and phrases from their lectures in the exam question, so make sure that you focus on these elements in your answer.

2. Based on your comfort level (or lack thereof) with particular questions, after you have reviewed all questions, decide approximately how much time you have for questions that are relatively easy for you to answer and, conversely, which questions will require more time to answer correctly and thoroughly. This is a very important step because it will help you organize your time and effort.

3. Think of each essay answer as a mini-essay in itself, and approach each answer with a shortened version of the process that you’ve been taught to use when writing full essays. If you are used to brainstorming or clustering when preparing to write an essay, go through the same, but greatly shortened, process for an essay answer. The time spent in some form of outlining will save time and effort as you answer the questions.

4. Given the time constraints of most essay exams, you can’t afford to write and re-write answers. From an instructor’s perspective, if a student’s answer contains a great deal of cross outs and perhaps whole paragraph deletions, the instructor will probably conclude that the student is not well prepared. It is critical, therefore, to outline the answer before you begin writing and to follow the outline as you write. Marginal notes of an outline or brainstorming process will probably impress the instructor.

5. The “rhetorical mode” for an answer may be determined by your instructor. For example, you may be asked to analyze, define, compare/contrast, evaluate, illustrate, or synthesize the subject of the question, and you need to focus on answering the question with an analysis, a definition and so on in order to respond to the question appropriately.

6. Just as you do when you draft an essay, try to begin the answer with one or two sentences that answer the question directly and succinctly. In other words, think of the first two sentences as a thesis statement of an essay, and after you’ve stated the answer’s “thesis,” support that thesis with specific examples in the body of the answer.

7. Lastly, one of the most important steps you can take is to proofread your answers and make any necessary corrections neatly and legibly.


Tuesday, March 24, 2015

Scheduled Classes for Computers

9:30 a.m. - 10:50 a.m. Reserved—Mr. Reimenschneider
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Mr. Jerry Reimenschneider COM121 (17) NO INSTRUCTION; reserve 12 computers.

Word of the Day

1. excessive adulation of the mother and undue dependence on maternal care or protection, resulting in absence or loss of maturity and independence.

No decade has gone by without some sort of brouhaha over changing gender roles. Typically, the root fear is that boys are becoming sissified dandies. In the 1950s, masculinists decried "Momism," the control of the household by the pants-wearing monster formerly known as Mother (think "Rebel Without a Cause").
-- Nick Gillespie, "Don’t Fear the 2010s," Wall Street Journal, January 2, 2010

Momism was coined by US author Philip Wylie in his 1942 book A Generation of Vipers.


Daily Writing Tips

Verb Review #8: Passive Voice
By Maeve Maddox

The way some writing coaches slam Passive Voice, one might imagine that its use constitutes a grammatical error. It doesn’t.

In the context of grammar, Voice refers to the relation of the subject of a verb to the action of the verb. In English, there are two possibilities:

1. The subject performs the action.
2. The action is performed upon the subject.


A swarm of angry wasps attacked an unwary hiker.
This sentence is “in active voice” because the subject (wasps) performs the action (attacked).

An unwary hiker was attacked by a swarm of angry wasps.
This sentence is “in passive voice” because the subject (hiker) received the action of the verb (was attacked).

It is impossible to say which sentence is the better stylistic choice without knowing its place in a larger context.

The first sentence might be preferable in an article about the habits of insects, whereas the second sentence might be the better choice in an article offering advice to hikers.

Only transitive verbs (the ones that take an object) can be used in passive voice:

The boy hit the ball.
The verb (hit) is transitive because it has an object, ball. The sentence is in active voice because the subject (boy) performs the action.

The ball was hit by the boy.
The verb still belongs to the category of transitive verbs, but the sentence is in passive voice because the subject (ball) is the recipient of the action (was hit).

The usual way to express the passive voice is with a form of “to be” (is, are, am, was, were, being) and a past participle. For example:

The door was slammed by the boy.
The cantaloupe was eaten by racoons.
The baby was placed in protective custody.

Sometimes the “to be” verb will be accompanied by other auxiliary verbs, as in the combinations has been, have been, had been, will be, will have been.

The use of passive voice is a stylistic choice. Its overuse creates a stodgy tone, but it should not be regarded as a bane to be avoided at all costs. Passive voice is justified when a writer wishes to emphasize the receiver of an action rather than the doer.

The worst that can be said of passive voice is that it’s sometimes used deliberately to obscure meaning or avoid blame. High-ranking government officials, for example, are quite fond of passive voice as a means of distancing themselves and their colleagues from blame.

Political journalist William Schneider has labeled this blame-avoiding use of passive voice “the past exonerative tense.” The most frequent passive phrase used to avoid blaming anyone or anything for something that went wrong is “mistakes were made.” For example:

I acknowledge that mistakes were made here. I accept that responsibility.—Alberto R. Gonzales Attorney General 2007, RE: firing of eight U.S. attorneys.

Obviously, some mistakes were made.—John Sununu, White House Chief of Staff 1991, RE: violation of White House travel rules.

But we did not achieve what we wished, and serious mistakes were made in trying to do so.—Ronald Reagan, State of the Union address, 1987. RE: Iran-Contra.

Mistakes were made, and the proper protocols were not followed.”—Julia Pierson Former Secret Service Chief, 2014. RE: White House Security Breach.


The Yocum Library

Monday, March 23, 2015

Scheduled Classes for Computers

11:15 a.m. - 12:10 p.m. Reserved—Ms. Essig Where: Yocum Instruction Area Description: Ms. Brenda Essig COM021 (11) NO INSTRUCTION; reserve 12 computers. 12:30 p.m. - 2 p.m. Reserved—Ms. Essig Where: Yocum Instruction Area Description: Ms. Brenda Essig COM021 (6) NO INSTRUCTION; reserve 12 computers.

Word of the Day

1. a tactile hallucination involving the belief that something is crawling on the body or under the skin.

“They say not.” “I was told he was.” “Perhaps you will allow me to know better,” said the doctor. As though to resolve the argument, a muffled voice from the stretcher said: “Itching, Eddie. Itching all over like hell.” “Formication,” said the doctor.
-- Evelyn Waugh, Officers and Gentlemen, 1955

Formication came to English in the early 1700s from the Latin formīcāre "to have a sensation that ants are crawling on one's skin."


Uncouth, Unkempt, and Unwieldy - Daily Writing Tips

Uncouth, Unkempt, and Unwieldy
By Maeve Maddox

Most negative English adjectives that begin with un- have a familiar antonym. For example:

unhappy / happy
unlucky / lucky
unsuspecting / suspecting
ungenerous / generous

This post is about three adjectives whose positive forms are rarely used in modern English.

uncouth: Awkward and uncultured.

Examples of current usage of uncouth:

The Malawi government has branded pop star Madonna an “uncouth” bully who exaggerates her charitable work in the country.

After considering the likes of ‘refined’ English actors such as Cary Grant and David Niven, the producers cast Sean Connery as Bond in the film. Fleming was appalled at the selection of the uncouth, 31-year-old Scottish actor, considering him to be the antithesis of his character.

The adjective couth (“known, familiar”) was very common in Old English. One spoke of “couth lands” and “couth customs” meaning “known lands” and “familiar customs.” The word couth came to mean cultured, genteel. Nowadays, when speakers use the word couth, it is with the latter meaning, but with self-consciously humorous intent.

The second of these two examples of current usage of couth transforms the adjective into a noun:

Well, orcs aren’t human, and I would suppose that they aren’t as couth as humans are.

I’m reminded that junior high boys are not known for their couth.

unkempt: uncombed (of hair, wool, etc.); neglected, not cared for, untrimmed.

Here are examples of modern usage of unkempt:

How can they let [NCIS character Deek] on camera with that unkempt mop?

The role as a loudmouth unkempt woman easily was her finest personal performance to date.

Criminals are attracted to neighborhoods that appear dirty or unkempt.

In Old English, kempt was a past form of cemban, “to comb.” In modern English, kempt is occasionally used humorously to mean combed or neat, as in the following examples:

I’ve had more kempt looking pros change the oil in my Maserati.

[The apartment] is occasionally a little messy but not unkempt. Semi-kempt?

His plaid shirt was half-untucked, and his usually kempt comb-over was flying wildly into the air.

unwieldy: Difficult to control, guide, move, manipulate, etc., by virtue of size, shape, or weight.

In modern usage, the adjective unwieldy is applied to things, like tools or weapons, but originally, it referred to people. A “wieldy person” was nimble and had the agility to handle a weapon with skill.

Although wieldy doesn’t make much of a showing in COCA or the Ngram Viewer, it is used in serious contexts. Wieldy is a brand name for a line of camera accessories, and the word is at home in discussions of tools and software:

Is the handle attached separately or is the whole slicer and handle cast together as one piece? It’s all one piece, and extremely wieldy.

The great thing about the SKS was it could drop people at distance but you could also get up close and do well, partly because of the high fire-rate but also because it feels extremely wieldy.

Yes, I know – it’s hard to imagine anything bigger than 10 inches to be considered wieldy enough for practical use.

Of the three supposed antonyms of uncouth, unkempt, and unwieldy, couth continues to be a word that provokes amusement, wieldy sounds like a “real” word, and—judging by this example I found in a blog about wedding planning, kempt may be slipping back into serious usage:

You should make sure that your facial hair is neat and kempt.


Sunday, March 22, 2015

Word of the Day

1. a collector of matchbooks and matchboxes.

McDevitt’s collecting of matchboxes might sound idiosyncratic, but it’s a hobby popular enough that there’s an actual term for it—phillumeny, which roughly translates from the Greek and Latin to "lover of light." Hundreds of phillumenist sites have cropped up on the web, saving these designs from obsolescence.
-- Carey Dunne, "Exquisite Matchbox Art Proves Smaller Is Better," Fast Company, December 9, 2014

Phillumenist Phillumenist came to English in the mid-1900s from the Greek philos meaning "loving," the Latin lūmen meaning "light." The suffix –ist denotes a person who practices or is concerned with something.


Book Titles from Shakespeare

*Book Titles from Shakespeare

This Day in History

March 22, 1947: Prolific, best-selling author James Patterson is born.

*On this day in 1947, James Patterson, one of the world’s top-selling novelists, is born. Best known for his thrillers, Patterson, the creator of the Alex Cross detective series and the Women’s Murder Club series, among others, has written books in a variety of genres, from historical fiction to young adult. His novels have sold an estimated 220 million copies around the world.

 Patterson, who was raised in Newburgh, New York, graduated from Manhattan College in 1969 and later dropped out of Vanderbilt University’s graduate program in English literature. He moved to New York City and worked as a copywriter at an advertising agency while writing his first novel in his spare time. After multiple rejections, that book, a thriller titled “The Thomas Berryman Number” was published in 1976. It won an Edgar Award for best first mystery novel by a U.S. author; however, sales were modest.

Patterson continued to publish novels, with limited commercial success, until the 1993 release of his breakout hit “Along Came a Spider,” featuring African-American detective and psychologist Alex Cross. Patterson had another best-seller with 1995’s “Kiss the Girls,” also featuring Alex Cross. In 1996, Patterson, then a top executive at the J. Walter Thompson advertising agency, retired to write full time. That same year, he published the novel “Miracle on the 17th Green” with the assistance of a co-author. Patterson eventually began collaborating with a team of co-authors on almost all his books, allowing him to publish multiple best-sellers each year. He typically comes up with the idea for the book, pens a detailed outline then revises the chapters his co-author drafts. In 2010 alone, Patterson released nine titles, including his 17th Alex Cross novel as well as books in his “Maximum Ride” young-adult fantasy and science-fiction series, his “Witch and Wizard” children’s supernatural series and his Michael Bennett detective series.

Whatever their genre, Patterson’s books are known for being fast-paced with short chapters and little back story or description. Critics, including author Stephen King, have skewered Patterson’s writing. In 2010, Patterson told Time magazine: “I am not a great prose stylist. I'm a storyteller. There are thousands of people who don't like what I do. Fortunately, there are millions who do.”


Saturday, March 21, 2015

Word of the Day

\SAS-truh-guh, SAH-struh-, sa-STROO-, sah-\
1. Usually, sastrugi. ridges of snow formed on a snowfield by the action of the wind.

And then we ended up just outside the station, on the empty plateau, to watch a sastruga grow. In the winters, great windstorms sculpt these sastrugi into magnificent forms that can be ten feet high.
-- Gabrielle Walker, Antarctica: An Intimate Portrait of a Mysterious Continent, 2013

Sastruga is derived from the Russian term zastrugát meaning “to plane, shave down (wood).” It entered English in the mid-1800s.


Library Quotes from the Library Community

"If we didn't already have libraries, they would now have to be invented. They are the keys to American success in fully exploiting the information superhighways of the future."
James Billington
Librarian of Congress

"What is more important to a library than anything else - than everything else - is the fact that it exists."
Archibald MacLeish (1892-1982)
American Poet, Writer, and the Librarian of Congress

"A library's function is to give the public in the quickest and cheapest way information, inspiration, and recreation. If a better way than the book can be found, we should use it."
Melvil Dewey (1851-1931)
American Librarian and Educator


Library Humor

Friday, March 20, 2015

First Day of Spring

Scheduled Classes for Computers

10:10 a.m. - 11:15 a.m. Reserved— Ms. Gieringer
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Ms. Dawn Gieringer COM131 (20) NO INSTRUCTION, reserve 12 computers.

11:15 a.m. - 12:10 p.m. Reserved--Ms. Essig
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Ms. Brenda Essig COM021 (13) Reserve 12 computers w/o staff instruction.

12:20 p.m. - 1:10 p.m. Reserved—Gieringer
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Ms. Dawn Gieringer COM131 (20) NO INSTRUCTION, reserve 12 computers

Word of the Day

ad hockery
\ad HOK-uh-ree\
1. reliance on temporary solutions rather than on consistent, long-term plans.

Any founder who told the literal truth about the frenzied ad-hockery of launching a company would scare away customers and investors and quickly be out of business.
-- Noam Scheiber, "How to Succeed in Silicon Valley Without Really Trying," New Republic, September 7, 2014

Ad hockery is the noun form of ad hoc, an adverb meaning "for the special purpose or end presently under consideration," translating literally from Latin as "for this." It entered English in the late 1800s.


Meet the Yocum Staff - Tara L. Middlebrooks

Name: Tara L. Middlebrooks
Position: Library Assistant
Education: Associates Degree from RACC 1994,  Graduated Summa Cum Laude - Kaplan University, Class of 2011 – B.S. in Paralegal Studies, concentrating in Family Law.
Favorite Book: Coldest Winter Ever by Sister Souljah
Favorite Movie: So many to list, Poetic Justice, Love and Basketball, Grease…
Favorite Area of the Library: I like them all
Special Interest: I enjoy spending time with my children, participating in their activities. I also love listening to music.
Hobby: I guess this would be the same as above.

This Day In History - March 20

March 20, 1852:
Uncle Tom's Cabin is published

Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin, is published. The novel sold 300,000 copies within three months and was so widely read that when President Abraham Lincoln met Stowe in 1862, he reportedly said, "So this is the little lady who made this big war."

Stowe was born in 1811, the seventh child of the famous Congregationalist minister Lyman Beecher. She studied at private schools in Connecticut, then taught in Hartford from 1827 until her father moved to Cincinnati in 1832. She accompanied him and continued to teach while writing stories and essays. In 1836, she married Calvin Ellis Stowe, with whom she had seven children. She published her first book, Mayflower, in 1843.

While living in Cincinnati, Stowe encountered fugitive slaves and the Underground Railroad. Later, she wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin in reaction to recently tightened fugitive slave laws. The book had a major influence on the way the American public viewed slavery. The book established Stowe's reputation as a woman of letters. She traveled to England in 1853, where she was welcomed as a literary hero. Along with Ralph Waldo Emerson, she became one of the original contributors to The Atlantic, which launched in November 1857. In 1863, when Lincoln announced the end of slavery, she danced in the streets. Stowe continued to write throughout her life and died in 1896.