Welcome to The Yocum Library of Reading Area Community College's Blog!

For many years we have published a print newsletter for the RACC community that provided information on the library's staff, resources, and services. In order to provide information on a more timely basis, we decided to switch to the blog format. We hope that you enjoy learning more about The Yocum Library of RACC.

Thursday, November 26, 2015

This Day in History - November 26

November 26, 1941: FDR establishes modern Thanksgiving holiday.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill officially establishing the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.

The tradition of celebrating the holiday on Thursday dates back to the early history of the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies, when post-harvest holidays were celebrated on the weekday regularly set aside as "Lecture Day," a midweek church meeting where topical sermons were presented. A famous Thanksgiving observance occurred in the autumn of 1621, when Plymouth governor William Bradford invited local Indians to join the Pilgrims in a three-day festival held in gratitude for the bounty of the season.

Thanksgiving became an annual custom throughout New England in the 17th century, and in 1777 the Continental Congress declared the first national American Thanksgiving following the Patriot victory at Saratoga. In 1789, President George Washington became the first president to proclaim a Thanksgiving holiday, when, at the request of Congress, he proclaimed November 26, a Tuesday, as a day of national thanksgiving for the U.S. Constitution. However, it was not until 1863, when President Abraham Lincoln declared Thanksgiving to fall on the last Thursday of November, that the modern holiday was celebrated nationally.

With a few deviations, Lincoln's precedent was followed annually by every subsequent president--until 1939. In 1939, Franklin D. Roosevelt departed from tradition by declaring November 23, the next to last Thursday that year, as Thanksgiving Day. Considerable controversy surrounded this deviation, and some Americans refused to honor Roosevelt's declaration. For the next two years, Roosevelt repeated the unpopular proclamation, but on November 26, 1941, he admitted his mistake and signed a bill into law officially making the fourth Thursday in November the national holiday of Thanksgiving Day.

The Yocum Library Closed for Thanksgiving Break

Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Meet the Yocum Library Staff - John A. Zukowski

Name: John A. Zukowski
Position in library: Library Assistant
Educational background: B.A. English Rutgers University, Master's Journalism Temple University
Favorite book: I like classic novels, spiritual books and creative nonfiction.
Favorite movie: City Lights
Favorite area of library: Reference Department
Special interest: Classic American movies, liberation theology, New England culture, social realism
Hobby: Photography, vegetarian and vegan cooking, genealogy, conversation

Word of the Day

 \ zahy-LOG-ruh-fee \  , noun;  
the art of engraving on wood, or of printing from such engravings.

Widespread dissemination of these works of art became possible after the invention of xylography , or woodblock printing, generally credited to Hishikawa Moronobu (1618–94) who was born in Boshu, Chiba.
-- Evan S. Connell, Double Honeymoon , 1976
Given the nature of xylography  as a sort of “printing on demand,” individual works from the vast tripitaka could be printed as required…
-- Edited by Simon Eliot and Johnathan Rose, A Companion to the History of the Book , 2007
Xylography  came to English in the early 1800s from French. Its origin ultimately lies in the Greek roots meaning "wood" and "writing."


Library Hours


Tuesday, November 24, 2015

This Day In History - November 24

November 24, 1859:
Origin of Species is published

*On this day, Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, which immediately sold out its initial print run. By 1872, the book had run through six editions, and it became one of the most influential books of modern times.

Darwin, the privileged and well-connected son of a successful English doctor, had been interested in botany and natural sciences since his boyhood, despite the discouragement of his early teachers. At Cambridge, he found professors and scientists with similar interests and with their help began participating in scientific voyages. He traveled around South America for five years as an unpaid botanist on the HMS Beagle. By the time Darwin returned, he had developed an outstanding reputation as a field researcher and scientific writer, based on his many papers and letters dispatched from South America and the Galapagos Islands, which were read at meetings of prominent scientific societies in London.

Darwin began publishing studies of zoology and geology as soon as he returned from his voyage. Fearing the fate of other scientists, like Copernicus and Galileo, who had published radical scientific theories, Darwin held off publishing his theory of natural selection for years. He secretly developed his theory during two decades of surreptitious research following his trip on the Beagle.

Meanwhile, he married and had seven children. He finally published Origin of Species after another scientist began publishing papers with similar ideas. His book laid the groundwork for modern botany, cellular biology, and genetics. He died in 1882.


Zinio - Free Digital Magazines

Free Digital Magazines Online

Note from Kim Stahler, Reference Librarian:

You can download magazines for free through the Berks libraries, using Zinio. The collection is small at this time, but Newsweek, Mother Jones, and Mental Floss are there for me. There is also a tattoo magazine, Inked. We are seeking people who don't use the libraries in the traditional way. I had to download Adobe, get the app, and sign up in two places. But this is so cool! You need your library card number.


The Yocum Library Survey

Attention students... Help us help you.

Please take this short survey to help us evaluate RACC's Yocum Library services and resources.

If you complete the survey, as a "thank you" you will receive a coupon that allows you to borrow up to 10  Yocum Library DVDs at one time PROVIDED your accounts are in good standing (no overdues/lost items or fines/charges over $10).

With this special offer, you can plan for a long weekend of "binge watching" your favorite shows. Thank you for your help.

Survey ends November, 30.


Scheduled Classes for Computers

9:30 a.m. - 10:50 a.m. Reserved--Mr. Reimenschneider
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Calendar: theyocumlibrary@gmail.com
Description: Mr. Jerry Reimenschneider COM 121 (9) Reserve the 12 instruction computers without library staff instruction.

Word of the Day

 \ HOH-kuhm \  ,
1.out-and-out nonsense; bunkum.
2.elements of low comedy introduced into a play, novel, etc., for the laughs they may bring.
3.sentimental matter of an elementary or stereotyped kind introduced into a play or the like.
4.false or irrelevant material introduced into a speech, essay, etc., in order to arouse interest, excitement, or amusement.

But American campaign biographies still follow a script written nearly two centuries ago. East of piffle and west of hokum , the Boy from Hope always grows up to be the Man of the People.
-- Jill Lepore, "Bound for Glory," The New Yorker , 2008

Probably nowhere else do the popular playmakers of Broadway reveal their imaginative shortcomings so clearly as in the employment of what is known colloquially as hokum .
-- George Jean Nathan, "Comedians All," 1919

Hokum  emerged as theater slang in the US in the early 1900s and is thought to be a blend of hocus-pocus  and bunkum.


Monday, November 23, 2015

Pun Humor

Word of the Day

mot \moh\, noun:

1. a pithy or witty remark; bon mot.
2. Archaic. a note on a horn, bugle, etc.

…and only when King Alfin was back in Onhava, did he gradually realize from a reiteration of rather frantic questions that he had left somebody behind ("What emperor?" has remained his only memorable mot).
-- Vladimir Nabokov, Pale Fire, 1962

And then as the duchess went on relating a mot with which her mother had snubbed the great Napoleon, it occurred to Newman that her evasion of a chapter of French history more interesting to himself might possibly be a results of an extreme consideration for his feelings.
-- Henry James, The American, 1877

Mot comes from the French word of the same spelling, which in turn is rooted in the Latin word muttum which meant "utterance." It is related to the word motto.


Scheduled Classes for Computers

10:10 a.m. - 11:10 a.m. Reserved—Ms. Trexler
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Calendar: theyocumlibrary@gmail.com
Description: Ms. Heidi Trexler COM061 124) NO INSTRUCTION; reserve 12 computers

11:15 a.m. - 12:15 p.m. Reserved—Mr. Fidler
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Calendar: theyocumlibrary@gmail.com
Description: Mr. John Fidler COM051 (15) No instruction, reserve 12 computers

1:30 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. Reserved—Dr. Blakely
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Calendar: theyocumlibrary@gmail.com
Description: Dr. Pamela Blakely HON101 (10) NO INSTRUCTION; reserve 12 computers

Meet the Yocum Library Staff - Ali Young

Name: Ali Young
Position in Library: Student Staff - Service Desk & Tech. Support
Educational Background: GED diploma from RACC, studying Nanoscience Technology-prerequisites at RACC
Favorite Area of Library: Second floor - where all the activity is (⌐■‿■)

Favorite Books: 'The Hunger Games' by Suzanne Collins, 'Eragon' by Christopher Paolini, 'Seekers' by Erin Hunter, books by Enid Blyton, and other stories that catch my interest
Favorite Movies: 'Castle in the Sky', 'Wolf Children' 'Princess Mononoke ' (any other Hayao Miyazaki film),  'The Avengers', DC Animated Movies, 'The Amazing Spider-Man', 'The Mist'

Special Interests: Animé drawing, coding
Hobbies: Gaming, reading, basket-ball, ping-pong, trolling family and friends.

Sunday, November 22, 2015

Word of the Day

1. globe-shaped; spherical.
2. composed of or having globules.

One could almost see the globular lobes of his brain painfully revolving and crushing and mangling the delicate thing.
-- , Joseph Conrad to Edward Garnett, February 13, 1897, in The Collected Letters of Joseph Conrad, 1983

Globular finds its roots in the Latin term globus meaning "round body, sphere." It came to English in the 1600s.


Day In History - November 22

November 22, 1963:
John F. Kennedy assassinated

John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States, is assassinated while traveling through Dallas, Texas, in an open-top convertible.

First lady Jacqueline Kennedy rarely accompanied her husband on political outings, but she was beside him, along with Texas Governor John Connally and his wife, for a 10-mile motorcade through the streets of downtown Dallas on November 22. Sitting in a Lincoln convertible, the Kennedys and Connallys waved at the large and enthusiastic crowds gathered along the parade route.

As their vehicle passed the Texas School Book Depository Building at 12:30 p.m., Lee Harvey Oswald allegedly fired three shots from the sixth floor, fatally wounding President Kennedy and seriously injuring Governor Connally. Kennedy was pronounced dead 30 minutes later at Dallas' Parkland Hospital. He was 46.

Vice President Lyndon Johnson, who was three cars behind President Kennedy in the motorcade, was sworn in as the 36th president of the United States at 2:39 p.m. He took the presidential oath of office aboard Air Force One as it sat on the runway at Dallas Love Field airport.

The swearing in was witnessed by some 30 people, including Jacqueline Kennedy, who was still wearing clothes stained with her husband's blood. Seven minutes later, the presidential jet took off for Washington.

The next day, November 23, President Johnson issued his first proclamation, declaring November 25 to be a day of national mourning for the slain president. On that Monday, hundreds of thousands of people lined the streets of Washington to watch a horse-drawn caisson bear Kennedy's body from the Capitol Rotunda to St. Matthew's Catholic Cathedral for a requiem Mass.

The solemn procession then continued on to Arlington National Cemetery, where leaders of 99 nations gathered for the state funeral. Kennedy was buried with full military honors on a slope below Arlington House, where an eternal flame was lit by his widow to forever mark the grave.

Lee Harvey Oswald, born in New Orleans in 1939, joined the U.S. Marines in 1956. He was discharged in 1959 and nine days later left for the Soviet Union, where he tried unsuccessfully to become a citizen. He worked in Minsk and married a Soviet woman and in 1962 was allowed to return to the United States with his wife and infant daughter. In early 1963, he bought a .38 revolver and rifle with a telescopic sight by mail order, and on April 10 in Dallas he allegedly shot at and missed former U.S. Army general Edwin Walker, a figure known for his extreme right-wing views.

Later that month, Oswald went to New Orleans and founded a branch of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, a pro-Castro organization. In September 1963, he went to Mexico City, where investigators allege that he attempted to secure a visa to travel to Cuba or return to the USSR. In October, he returned to Dallas and took a job at the Texas School Book Depository Building.

Less than an hour after Kennedy was shot, Oswald killed a policeman who questioned him on the street near his rooming house in Dallas. Thirty minutes later, Oswald was arrested in a movie theater by police responding to reports of a suspect. He was formally arraigned on November 23 for the murders of President Kennedy and Officer J.D. Tippit.

On November 24, Oswald was brought to the basement of the Dallas police headquarters on his way to a more secure county jail. A crowd of police and press with live television cameras rolling gathered to witness his departure. As Oswald came into the room, Jack Ruby emerged from the crowd and fatally wounded him with a single shot from a concealed .38 revolver. Ruby, who was immediately detained, claimed that rage at Kennedy's murder was the motive for his action. Some called him a hero, but he was nonetheless charged with first-degree murder.

Jack Ruby, originally known as Jacob Rubenstein, operated strip joints and dance halls in Dallas and had minor connections to organized crime. He features prominently in Kennedy-assassination theories, and many believe he killed Oswald to keep him from revealing a larger co

In his trial, Ruby denied the allegation and pleaded innocent on the grounds that his great grief over Kennedy's murder had caused him to suffer "psychomotor epilepsy" and shoot Oswald unconsciously. The jury found Ruby guilty of "murder with malice" and sentenced him to die.

In October 1966, the Texas Court of Appeals reversed the decision on the grounds of improper admission of testimony and the fact that Ruby could not have received a fair trial in Dallas at the time. In January 1967, while awaiting a new trial, to be held in Wichita Falls, Ruby died of lung cancer in a Dallas hospital.

The official Warren Commission report of 1964 concluded that neither Oswald nor Ruby were part of a larger conspiracy, either domestic or international, to assassinate President Kennedy. Despite its seemingly firm conclusions, the report failed to silence conspiracy theories surrounding the event, and in 1978 the House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded in a preliminary report that Kennedy was "probably assassinated as a result of a conspiracy" that may have involved multiple shooters and organized crime. The committee's findings, as with those of the Warren Commission, continue to be widely disputed.


Meet the Yocum Library Staff - Ryan Matz

Name: Ryan Matz
Position in Library: Educational Media Specialist
Educational Background: Associates of Applied Science in Radio/TV Production with a specialized diploma in Multimedia Arts. I have 2 Telly Awards and 8 Lehigh Valley Video Awards Favorite Book: JACKIE GLEASON: THE GREAT ONE by Dina-Marie Kulzer
Favorite Movie: Singing in the Rain and Rebel Without a Cause.
Favorite Area of Library: The alcove seating under the steps to the 3rd floor.
Special Interest: Exploring new places and meeting new people.
Hobby: Collecting movie star pictures from the 20’s-50’s along with Bakelite/wood tube radios.

Ryan's Office is Y-209 - MEDIA SERVICES - Educational Media Services Technician

Saturday, November 21, 2015

Meet the Yocum Library Staff -Troy Bowers

Name: Troy Jonathon Bowers
Position in Library: Library Assistant
Educational Background: B.A. English Kutztown University
Favorite Book: Atlas Shrugged, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Timequake
Favorite Movie: The Royal Tenenbaums, Magnolia, Lord of the Rings
Favorite Area of Library: The alcove overlooking the Schuylkill River on the 2nd floor.
Special Interest: Comics as Literature, Coral Reef Aquarium Husbandry
Hobby: European Board Games, Reading, Hiking

Day in History - Nov 21, 1783: Men fly over Paris

*French physician Jean-François Pilatre de Rozier and François Laurent, the marquis d' Arlandes, make the first untethered hot-air balloon flight, flying 5.5 miles over Paris in about 25 minutes. Their cloth balloon was crafted by French papermaking brothers Jacques-Étienne and Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, inventors of the world's first successful hot-air balloons.

For time immemorial, humanity has dreamed of flight. Greek mythology tells of Daedalus, who made wings of wax, and Leonardo da Vinci drew designs of flying machines and envisioned the concept of a helicopter in the 15th century. It was not until the 1780s, however, that human flight became a reality.

The first successful flying device may not have been a Montgolfier balloon but an "ornithopter"--a glider-like aircraft with flapping wings. According to a hazy record, the German architect Karl Friedrich Meerwein succeeded in lifting off the ground in an ornithopter in 1781. Whatever the veracity of this record, Meerwein's flying machine never became a viable means of flight, and it was the Montgolfier brothers who first took men into the sky.

Joseph and Étienne Montgolfier ran a prosperous paper business in the town of Vidalon in southern France. Their success allowed them to finance their interest in scientific experimentation. In 1782, they discovered that combustible materials burned under a lightweight paper or fabric bag would cause the bag to rise into the air. From this phenomenon, they deduced that smoke causes balloons to rise. Actually, it is hot air that causes balloons to rise, but their error did not interfere with their subsequent achievements.

On June 4, 1783, the brothers gave the first public demonstration of their discovery, in Annonay. An unmanned balloon heated by burning straw and wool rose 3,000 feet into the air before settling to the ground nearly two miles away. In their test of a hot-air balloon, the Montgolfiers were preceded by Bartolomeu Lourenço de Gusmão, a Brazilian priest who launched a small hot-air balloon in the palace of the king of Portugal in 1709. The Montgolfiers were unaware of Lourenço's work, however, and quickly surpassed it.

On September 19, the Montgolfiers sent a sheep, a rooster, and a duck aloft in one of their balloons in a prelude to the first manned flight. The balloon, painted azure blue and decorated with golden fleurs-de-lis, lifted up from the courtyard of the palace of Versailles in the presence of King Louis XVI. The barnyard animals stayed afloat for eight minutes and landed safely two miles away. On October 15, Jean-François Pilátre de Rozier made a tethered test flight of a Montgolfier balloon, briefly rising into the air before returning to earth.

The first untethered hot-air balloon flight occurred before a large, expectant crowd in Paris on November 21. Pilátre and d'Arlandes, an aristocrat, rose up from the grounds of royal Cháteau La Muette in the Bois de Boulogne and flew approximately five miles. Humanity had at last conquered the sky.

The Montgolfier brothers were honored by the French Acadámie des Sciences for their achievement. They later published books on aeronautics and pursued important work in other scientific fields.


Scheduled Classes for Computers

10:30 a.m. - 11:30 a.m. Reserved--Ms. Moyer
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Calendar: theyocumlibrary@gmail.com
Description: Ms. Lois Moyer ORI103 (18) Intro. to Library presented by Ms. Marcina Wagner.

Friday, November 20, 2015

This Day In History- November 20

Nov 20, 1955:
Bo Diddley makes his national television debut on The Ed Sullivan Show

Born Ellas Otha Bates in McComb, Mississippi, in 1928, the man better known as Bo Diddley introduced himself and his namesake beat to the world on this day in 1955 with his television debut on The Ed Sullivan Show.

Bo Diddley opened his appearance on Ed Sullivan with the eponymously titled song "Bo Diddley,". This now-famous number set portions of the children's rhyme "Mockingbird" to what is now known as "the Bo Diddley beat"—a syncopated rhythm in 4/4 time that is the foundation of such rock-and-roll classics as Buddy Holly's "Not Fade Away" and the Stangeloves' "I Want Candy," among countless others.

Five months before Elvis Presley would make his famous Ed Sullivan debut, Diddley's performance gave many Americans their first exposure to rock and roll, though that term was not yet familiar to mainstream audiences. Neither was the Bo Diddley beat, yet within just a few seconds of the drum-and-maraca opening of "Bo Diddley," the live Ed Sullivan audience can be heard spontaneously clapping along to the distinctive rhythm in the surviving kinescope recording of the performance.

As Diddley would later tell the story, Ed Sullivan had expected him to perform only a cover version of "Tennessee" Ernie Ford's "Sixteen Tons" and was furious enough with him for opening with "Bo Diddley" that Sullivan banned him from future appearances on his show.

Be that as it may, Diddley's appearance on this day in 1955 introduced a sound that would influence generations of followers. As blues-rock artist George Thorogood—who performed and recorded many Bo Diddley covers during his own career—once told Rolling Stone: "[Chuck Berry's] 'Maybellene' is a country song sped up... 'Johnny B. Goode' is blues sped up. But you listen to 'Bo Diddley,' and you say, 'What in the Jesus is that?'"


Meet the Yocum Library Staff - Rachel Fisher

Name: Rachel Fisher
Position in Library: Student Staff/ Service Desk
Educational Background: High School Diploma from Wilson High School 2010
Studying Liberal Arts Transfer at RACC or Arts Transfer
Favorite Books: Twilight- by Stephenie Meyer Hamlet- by William Shakespeare
Favorite Movie: James and The Giant Peach and Pan’s Labyrinth
Favorite Area of Library: The Tower Room
Special Interest: I love movies and learning new things
Hobby: Photography, Drawing, and Magazine Collage
Member of the Environment Club

Scheduled Classes for Computers

12:20 p.m. - 1:15 p.m. Reserved—Ms. Kwitkowski
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Calendar: theyocumlibrary@gmail.com
Description: Ms. Teresa Kwitkowski COM051 (15) NO INSTRUCTION, reserve 12 computers.