Welcome to The Yocum Library of Reading Area Community College's Blog!

For many years we have published a print newsletter for the RACC community that provided information on the library's staff, resources, and services. In order to provide information on a more timely basis, we decided to switch to the blog format. We hope that you enjoy learning more about The Yocum Library of RACC.

Thursday, March 5, 2015

Up Date on Closing

Due to the weather, RACC is now closed all day and evening Thursday, 3/5/15. 

The Yocum Library

RACC day classes canceled, open at 5
Due to weather, day classes are canceled on Thurs 3/5 but campus will open at 5 for evening classes.

Scheduled Classes for Computers

9:30 a.m. - 10:50 a.m. Reserved—Mr. Reimenschneider
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Mr. Jerald Reimenschneider COM121(17) Using ProQuest databases presented by Ms. Kim Stahler.

Word of the Day

 \ bih-LAHY \, verb;  
1.to show to be false; contradict: His trembling hands belied his calm voice .
2.to misrepresent: The newspaper belied the facts .
3.to act unworthily according to the standards of (a tradition, one's ancestry, one's faith, etc.).
4.Archaic . to lie about; slander.

“We are home,” he said. “It is all right here.” His voice belied  his words. I wanted to check if he had the medicine he needed for his heart condition, but the call dropped.
-- Basharat Peer, "Waters Close Over Kashmir," The New Yorker , September 23, 2014

Although she must have known that she was considered something of a beauty in the Valley, the very way she walked into a room belied  that knowledge, announced her certain faith in her inability to please.
-- Joan Didion, "Run River ," 1963

Belie  entered English prior to 1000, and is formed with the prefix be-  meaning "around," and the verb lie  meaning "to speak falsely."


New DVDs to the Yocum Library Collection

A Walk Among The Tombstones
Stone of Destiny
The Judge
The Theory of
Legend of 1900
Dumb & Dumber
Vampire Diaries s.4
Vampire Diaries
Glee s.5
Awkward s.3
Episodes s.3
Dumb & Dumber To
My Old
St. Vincent
The time that remains
Prisoners of War
The Gathering
In the Footsteps of St. Paul
Medieval Lives
Get On Up
Guardians of the Galaxy
The Equalizer
No Good
WKRP in Cinncinati s.1--4
Ebola: The Plague Fighters
Bird Flu: How safe are we?
Typhoid Mary
Kids for Cash
Harriet Tubman &
her escape to freedom
Dangerous Dames
Femme Fatales
Nebraska c.2
A Woman Called Moses
the Storm
Love Punch
Transformers: Age of Extinction
The Purge:
Only Lovers Left Alive
Odd Couple
Love Story
Race to
A Most Wanted Man
The Expendables 3
Magic in the Moonlight
The One
I Love
X-Men: Days of Future Past
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes
White Collar s.5

Library Humor

Wednesday, March 4, 2015

Scheduled Classes for Computers

1:25 p.m. - 2:20 p.m. Reserved--Ms. Bean-Ritter
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Ms. Carol Bean-Ritter ORI102 (30) Introduction to Library presented by Ms. Kim Stahler

Revolutionary War Genealogy

**Top 7 Websites for Revolutionary War Genealogy
By Gena Philibert-Ortega | Posted on July 28, 2014 by Gena Philibert-Ortega

To see the article with screenshots go to:

Introduction: Gena Philibert-Ortega is a genealogist and author of the book “From the Family Kitchen.” In this blog post, Gena discusses—and provides links to—seven top online resources for researching your American Revolutionary War ancestors.

Do you have a Revolutionary War ancestor? Maybe you have always heard that your ancestor was a soldier or a patriot during the American Revolution. Perhaps you have a female ancestor who was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). Do you have copies of your ancestor’s military records but are not sure where to go next with your family history research? It’s time to make a genealogy research plan.

When thinking about researching your Revolutionary ancestor, consider what records may be left behind that result from his military service, death, and even his legacy.* Also keep in mind where such records may be held. While it’s easy to assume that the majority of records will be found at the National Archives or a subscription-based website, there are various online repositories with historical Revolutionary-period records useful to your ancestry research.

Ask questions of each record you find and then look for documents that answer those questions. While some of the research you do will involve looking for documents that include his name, there will be general histories about events your ancestor was involved in—which don’t specifically mention him by name—that you will also want to consult to learn more about his day-to-day life in the battlefields and political developments of the time.

Not sure where to start? Begin first with an overall search of newspapers and digitized books.

1) Newspaper Articles and Historical Books

In my previous article Tracing Your Colonial & Revolutionary Ancestry in Newspapers, I wrote about articles that can be found in GenealogyBank’s Historical Newspaper Archives for finding your Revolutionary War ancestor. Whether you are just starting your research or have been at it for years, you should begin with newspapers to see what more you can learn. Because GenealogyBank is constantly adding newspapers, searching just once is not enough—keep coming back, to search the new material. A helpful feature of GenealogyBank’s Newspaper Archives search page is that you can narrow your search to an “Added Since” date so that you are not going through the same results you viewed previously.

 Obviously, one of the newspaper article-types that you will hope to find is an obituary. An obituary may provide key information including family members’ names, military service, occupation, and the cemetery where he is buried.

One resource researchers might not be as familiar with is GenealogyBank’s Historical Documents & Records collection, which includes the American State Papers. These federal government documents can include mentions of Revolutionary War soldiers—and their widows—as they applied for things like pensions.

Search Tip: As you search the GenealogyBank collections, make sure to keep in mind name variations. Don’t just stop after searching one version of your ancestor’s name. Write out a list of various name combinations that take into account their initials, name abbreviations (Jno, Benj., Wm.), and nicknames—as well as possible misspellings of the first and last name.

2) Online Grave Listings

In addition to newspaper articles and historical books, there are several online resources available for lists of Revolutionary War soldiers’ graves. To read more about these resources, see the article Revolutionary War Cemetery Records on the FamilySearch Wiki.

3) Daughters of the American Revolution

Want to verify that your ancestor was a Revolutionary War patriot? Maybe you have a copy of a female family member’s DAR application. Looking to become a member of the DAR or the SAR (Sons of the American Revolution)? Even if you aren’t interested in joining these groups, they have a vast collection of resources that can help you with your research. According to DAR member and chapter registrar Sheri Beffort Fenley, there are two resources all non-DAR members should use.

The first is the Genealogical Research System. According to their website, the Genealogical Research System (GRS) “is a collection of databases that provide access to the many materials amassed by the DAR since its founding in 1890.”

The second resource Fenley recommends is the DAR Library.

 While you are looking at the DAR homepage, make sure to click on the Resources tab. Here you’ll find the Revolutionary Pension Card Index as well as a great eBook entitled Forgotten Patriots: African American and American Indian Patriots of the Revolutionary War: A Guide to Service, Sources, and Studies.

4) Google Books

I would also recommend using Google Books to look through books and periodicals involving the DAR and their various chapters, as well as other genealogical information from the Revolutionary War. It’s a great place to find lineages and transcriptions.

5) Sons of the American Revolution

The Sons of the American Revolution Genealogical Research Library in Kentucky also may be of use to your research. To learn more about their collection and their SAR Patriot Index, see their website.

 6) National Archives & Records Administration (NARA)

The National Archives holds the records of our federal government, including military records. For the Revolutionary War you can find everything from Compiled Military Service Records to pensions and bounty land records. (Please note that NARA is the caretaker for federal records; they do not have state records such as state militia records. For those records, you need to contact the appropriate state archives.) Click here to see a list of NARA Revolutionary War records. A good tutorial for learning more about obtaining military records from NARA is on their web page: Genealogy Research in Military Records.

 7) FamilySearch Resources

There are also several Revolutionary War databases available from the free website FamilySearch, including the searchable United States Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Applications, 1800-1900. Most people automatically think of service records and pensions when they think of military service—but what is often missed are bounty land grants. Military Bounty Land was offered to men in return for their military service. This served as both an enticement and a reward for longer service. Your ancestor may have received much more from his service than just monetary compensation. To learn more about bounty land and how to research it, see Christine Rose’s book Military Bounty Land 1776-1855.

The United States Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783 from FamilySearch “contains images of muster rolls, payrolls, strength returns, and other personnel, pay, and supply records of the American Army during the Revolutionary War.” This collection is not searchable; you have to browse it, and you need to know the state your soldier fought for. Make sure to utilize the FamilySearch Family History Research Wiki to learn more about other Revolutionary War documents available from FamilySearch.

 Wherever you are in your search for your Revolutionary War ancestor, make sure to have a plan and a list of genealogy resources—and then go through each one. Using a combination of sources including newspapers, digitized books, and military records, you can start to put together the story of your Revolutionary War ancestor soldier’s life.


* Because the majority of soldiers in the Revolutionary War were men, I’m going to refer to them as “he.” However, women did fight alongside their male relatives on the battlegrounds. To learn more about the women of the Revolutionary War, see the book Revolutionary Mothers: Women in the Struggle for America’s Independence by Carol Berkin.


Word of the Day

 \ MIZ-uhl \, verb;  
1.South Midland and Southern U.S . to rain in fine drops; drizzle; mist.
1.South Midland and Southern U.S . mist or drizzle.

But in the midst of my striving it seemed to mizzle  gold, with fair drops; I filled my lap, and, running to show it my fellows, it turned to dust.
-- John Lyly, Sapho and Phao , 1584

Clouds as heavy as pregnant sows slopped across the sky from northwest to southeast. Occasionally a little rain mizzled  down.
-- Frederick Manfred, Scarlet Plume , 1964

Mizzle  is related to the Low German term miseln  meaning "to drizzle." It entered English in the mid-1400s.


Daily Writing Tips - 7 Essay Writing Tips To Ace Your Next Exam

7 Essay Writing Tips To Ace Your Next Exam
by Stephen Holliday

*Despite students’ wildest hope of avoiding the dreaded essay exam—one that requires either short or long essay answers rather than multiple choice answers—most find themselves taking such an exam, particularly for subjects like history, philosophy, literature, sociology, political science and others. This type of exam, however, can be successfully managed if you follow a few guidelines outlined here:

1. After the initial panic passes, read through all the questions before you begin to answer any of them, underlining key words and phrases that will help guide you in your answer. In many cases, instructors will incorporate key words and phrases from their lectures in the exam question, so make sure that you focus on these elements in your answer.

2. Based on your comfort level (or lack thereof) with particular questions, after you have reviewed all questions, decide approximately how much time you have for questions that are relatively easy for you to answer and, conversely, which questions will require more time to answer correctly and thoroughly. This is a very important step because it will help you organize your time and effort.

3. Think of each essay answer as a mini-essay in itself, and approach each answer with a shortened version of the process that you’ve been taught to use when writing full essays. If you are used to brainstorming or clustering when preparing to write an essay, go through the same, but greatly shortened, process for an essay answer. The time spent in some form of outlining will save time and effort as you answer the questions.

4. Given the time constraints of most essay exams, you can’t afford to write and re-write answers. From an instructor’s perspective, if a student’s answer contains a great deal of cross outs and perhaps whole paragraph deletions, the instructor will probably conclude that the student is not well prepared. It is critical, therefore, to outline the answer before you begin writing and to follow the outline as you write. Marginal notes of an outline or brainstorming process will probably impress the instructor.

5. The “rhetorical mode” for an answer may be determined by your instructor. For example, you may be asked to analyze, define, compare/contrast, evaluate, illustrate, or synthesize the subject of the question, and you need to focus on answering the question with an analysis, a definition and so on in order to respond to the question appropriately.

6. Just as you do when you draft an essay, try to begin the answer with one or two sentences that answer the question directly and succinctly. In other words, think of the first two sentences as a thesis statement of an essay, and after you’ve stated the answer’s “thesis,” support that thesis with specific examples in the body of the answer.

7. Lastly, one of the most important steps you can take is to proofread your answers and make any necessary corrections neatly and legibly.


Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Are We Losing the Art of Written Communication?

What do you prize the most of an ancestor's that you never met?  For me, it is letters. It is like reaching across time and having a portion of their thoughts and their handwriting, which is a physical portion of them. Many I don't have pictures for, but I have little a bit of their personality.

 For that reason, I treasure letters I have saved of aunts who wrote me when I first married.  Books written by two ancestors, Lemuel Roberts and William Bradford have been wonderful too.

What brought this to mind was some events that occurred the last week with some grandchildren.  The oldest is always on the go, so I will text her and she can text me back later.  Hmmm... not a lasting communication and usually is generic conversation.

The next to the oldest, I called.  Conversation went like this... "Hi! How are you doing?"  "Good." (Now I have to start digging to get past good...)  Once again, not great communication nor lasting.

My great great grandfather wrote a letter to his nephew that was saved and has been passed around to countless descendants.  It tells what he thought about, and what was happening with his family for us to read, savor, and glean information from.

...he put the place and date at the heading. Forgotten art of letter writing?
The Hero wrote a letter to his daughter when he arrived home after visiting with her. She still loves it now that he is gone.

After contemplating today's texty and techy world, I have decided I am going back to writing letters to my grandchildren, especially those that live over a day's ride from me. I will start putting a special message in Christmas cards for family that I communicate with in my handwriting not a computer generated message.


Word of the Day

skookum \ SKOO-kuhm \, adjective; 1.Northwest U.S., Canada . excellent; first-rate. 2.Northwest U.S., Canada . large; powerful; impressive. Quotes: He'd have made two of Ed there, and he was a skookum man, but I whopped him some. -- Louis L'Amour, "What Gold Does to a Man," Buckskin Run , 1981 Nobody comes along and says, "Me, I'm glad. I gotta wife and kids. I'm a skookum feller. I got no trouble. I'm glad." Nobody talks like that, eh? -- Harry E. Taylor, "Eyes Can Be Inside Too," The Rotarian , February, 1945 Origin: Skookum is of Chinook origin. It entered English in the mid-1800s meaning "evil spirit." Dictionary.com

This Day In History

*March 3, 1887: Helen Keller meets her miracle worker On this day in 1887, Anne Sullivan begins teaching six-year-old Helen Keller, who lost her sight and hearing after a severe illness at the age of 19 months. Under Sullivan's tutelage, including her pioneering "touch teaching" techniques, the previously uncontrollable Keller flourished, eventually graduating from college and becoming an international lecturer and activist. Sullivan, later dubbed "the miracle worker," remained Keller's interpreter and constant companion until the older woman's death in 1936. Sullivan, born in Massachusetts in 1866, had firsthand experience with being handicapped: As a child, an infection impaired her vision. She then attended the Perkins Institution for the Blind where she learned the manual alphabet in order to communicate with a classmate who was deaf and blind. Eventually, Sullivan had several operations that improved her weakened eyesight. Helen Adams Keller was born on June 27, 1880, to Arthur Keller, a former Confederate army officer and newspaper publisher, and his wife Kate, of Tuscumbia, Alabama. As a baby, a brief illness, possibly scarlet fever, left Helen unable to see, hear or speak. She was considered a bright but spoiled and strong-willed child. Her parents eventually sought the advice of Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone and an authority on the deaf. He suggested the Kellers contact the Perkins Institution, which in turn recommended Anne Sullivan as a teacher. Sullivan, age 20, arrived at Ivy Green, the Keller family estate, in 1887 and began working to socialize her wild, stubborn student and teach her by spelling out words in Keller's hand. Initially, the finger spelling meant nothing to Keller. However, a breakthrough occurred one day when Sullivan held one of Keller's hands under water from a pump and spelled out "w-a-t-e-r" in Keller's palm. Keller went on to learn how to read, write and speak. With Sullivan's assistance, Keller attended Radcliffe College and graduated with honors in 1904. Helen Keller became a public speaker and author; her first book, "The Story of My Life" was published in 1902. She was also a fundraiser for the American Foundation for the Blind and an advocate for racial and sexual equality, as well as socialism. From 1920 to 1924, Sullivan and Keller even formed a vaudeville act to educate the public and earn money. Helen Keller died on June 1, 1968, at her home in Westport, Connecticut, at age 87, leaving her mark on the world by helping to alter perceptions about the disabled. *http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history

Monday, March 2, 2015

Scheduled Classes for Computers

7:30 p.m. - 8:50 p.m. Reserved--Mr. Uhrich
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Mr. William Uhrich COM121 (20) Reserve 12 instruction computers w/o staff instruction.

Word of the Day

 \ stur-nyuh-TEY-shuhn \ , noun;  
1.the act of sneezing.

It was a high-pitched sneeze, a most delicate sternutation , the merest zephyr tangled in a pretty, powdered, finger-tip of a nose.
-- Eric Linklater, "Magnus Merriman ," 1934

Would anyone believe that a simple sternutation  could produce such ravages on a quadrupedal organism? It is extremely curious, is it not?
-- Gustave Flaubert, "Madame Bovary ," translated by Eleanor Marx Aveling, 1886

Sternutation  derives from the Latin verb sternuĕre  meaning "to sneeze." It entered English in the mid-1500s.


7 Genealogical Lessons for Researching Your Palatine Ancestors

*Posted by Ancestry.com on October 27, 2014 in Family History Month, Research
By guest blogger Henry Z (“Hank”) Jones

I started climbing the family tree at the age of eight when I discovered an old trunk in the basement of our home that had been brought to California in the gold rush. To an eight year old kid with an inquisitive mind, that ancient piece of history really needed exploring. Then one day, a miracle happened: my mother went shopping, and that was just the opportunity I needed to begin what is now a life-long addiction. I was blessed, because my family members were packrats! That trunk contained every important newspaper since Lincoln’s assassination in 1865, old tintypes and daguerreotypes, family Bibles and lively letters from my long-dead relatives, and best of all – a family tree made in 1882 by my grandmother that surprisingly was well-documented. From that day on, forget normal “kid-stuff” – I was hooked on genealogy!

But early on in my research, I discovered that I was connected to an interesting group of Germans who were on their way to colonial New York in 1709, but made it only as far as County Limerick, Ireland. As I wrote in my book Psychic Roots: Serendipity & Intuition In Genealogy (which along with my own story was dramatized later on NBC’s “Unsolved Mysteries” program),[1] I soon dropped working on all my other Danish and English lines and concentrated instead only on these emigrants who obsessed me: they were called “Palatines.”

What is a Palatine?
Probably the question I’m asked most frequently when I give one of my seminars around the country is, “What’s a Palatine? Is it a surname, an occupation, or what?” Basically here’s who they were: if you were a German-speaking immigrant heading for colonial America in the early- to mid-18th century, you would have been called a “Palatine.” It was sort of a generic term, the roots of which came from the word given to the area in southern Germany called “the Pfalz” or “Palatinate” where so many of these early settlers originated. Many American Palatines also came from other regions outside of the borders of today’s Palatinate, however: Isenburg, the Kraichgau, Hessen, the Westerwald, Württemberg, and Siegen, for example.

The first initial burst of emigration from Germany began in the 1680s and then reached full thrust in 1709/10 with large settlements in Ireland and colonial New York and North Carolina. Later groups went to Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia and other colonies. But, sadly, the new arrivals in America weren’t simply known as “Palatines;” they were called “Poor Palatines,” which denoted their economic and social status in the Europe they had left behind. It was a derogatory term and, unfortunately, endured for a few decades.
However, upon their arrival, the Palatine immigrants to colonial America found a wilderness ready to be tamed and transformed into liveable communities by perseverance and hard work. Their story is a tribute to their fortitude and quality of character which enabled them to find the inner strength to meet the terrible difficulties they faced in their new life in a new land. They “took the risk” and succeeded![2]

In 1960 while still a student at Stanford University, I began collecting material on my 1709er Irish-Palatine Bergmann family and the County Limerick settlement and neighbors where they resided. My Bergmanns were a textbook example of how a surname can evolve: “Bergmann” means “man from the mountain or hill” in German and has a very gutteral sound when spoken. In my family the surname became “Barrackman,” “Barkman,” “Bartman,” and then finally “Hillman!” In 1965, after amassing much documented material on this group, I published the first edition of my The Palatine Families of Ireland.[3]

My career first as a featured singer on ABC-TV’s The Tennessee Ernie Ford Show, a recording artist on RCA Records, and then as a character actor in many TV sit-coms and eight Disney movies left me lots of time “in between pictures” to follow my other passion in life: those emigrant Palatines that seemed to chase me.[4] In 1969, I began gathering documented information on those Germans who did finally make it to colonial New York in 1710, even though I was descended from none of them. My goal was to write the book that I would like to find on the shelf of a genealogical library: in other words, a volume I could absolutely trust as to accuracy that was documented with sources contemporary with the events therein.

I began this pre-computer days, so by 1980 when I started writing my first two-volume set on the subject, The Palatine Families of New York – 1710,[5] I used the 17,000 family group sheets I had handwritten, each sheet – front and back – documenting an 18th century Palatine couple, their lives and history. Happily I guess what I set out to accomplish seemed to turn out, as the books eventually won the prestigious Donald Lines Jacobus Award from the American Society of Genealogists, and I was honored to be elected as one of ASG’s fifty Fellows. Other books on these courageous Germans followed, including More Palatine Families,[6] the three volume Even More Palatine Families (with Lewis B. Rohrbach, CG),[7] and Westerwald To America (with Annette K. Burgert, FASG);[8]  all are available via my website www.hankjones.com .

In the course of my fifty-plus-year Palatine project, certain genealogical lessons have been learned, and some old axioms validated and reinforced. I’d like to share some of them with you which hopefully might help you knock down some brick walls as you climb the family tree, Palatine or otherwise:

1. Study the Neighbors
One of my major goals in my initial Palatine project was to find where these settlers originated in Europe pre-emigration. Of the 847 families who arrived in New York in 1710, only 50 firm origins were known from surviving American sources, so I had 797 families still to discover overseas. The saving grace of my 50-plus year project can be boiled down into one phrase: “They Came Together – They Stayed Together!” So often our emigrant ancestors came together to the New World with relatives and friends from their hometown or village in Europe – and then continued to interact with those same families for generations after their arrival in America.

Looking for clusters of families, not just one, and seeing how the same names reoccur over and over together in wills, deeds, census, tax and military lists, can lead to genealogical pay-dirt. By studying the juxtaposition of names on unalphabetized lists, patterns will emerge that engender genealogical successes.[9] This lesson has enabled me to find over 600 of the 847 families who arrived from Germany in New York in 1710 in their ancestral European homes and well over 1,500 later-arrivals who came in the 2nd wave of emigration 1717-1776 – some of whom are especially fascinating, such as the preeminent New York printer Johann Peter1 Zenger’s family and Elvis Presley’s ancestor, Valentin1 Bresseler.

2. Study the Sponsors in Baptism Records
Those who have German (or Dutch) lines in their ancestry really are blessed in that sponsors are usually named along with parents in most 18th century baptisms. The importance of these names in the church books cannot be minimized, for being a Godparent in a German family was a great honor and responsibility. Sponsors were very often close relatives the child being baptized. The child usually was named for one of the sponsors at the baptism; if the baby’s name is different from the sponsor’s, this sometimes may reflect the Christian name of a dead or absent grandparent. Related sponsors can be especially crucial in sorting out families with common surnames; if a sponsor was not a relative, very often he or she was an old friend from same ancestral town or region overseas.

3. Use Original Sources, But Remember That They May Be Wrong
Whenever possible, look at the original record regarding your ancestor: even microfilmed records sometimes have their flaws, and taking just one entry about your ancestor from only one source may limit its reliability, as you often then are ignoring the important context in which the record appears. Well-intentioned genealogists of the past have copied many records where errors slipped through the cracks and then perpetuate. Two of my friends and fellow Fellows have written excellent books which address the complexities and subtleties of this subject in great and helpful detail which I heartily recommend: Robert Charles Anderson‘s Elements of Genealogical Analysis: How To Maximize Your Research Using The Great Migration Study Project; and Elizabeth Shown Mills’ Evidence! Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian.

4. Study Naming and Spelling Patterns
Every ethnic group has certain unique customs in regard to naming and spelling, and nowhere is this fact more true than in the families of emigrant Germans. There was no one way to spell a Palatine name in the 18th century! It all depended how on the person writing down the name heard it. Sound-alike-consonants contribute to the variety of spellings: “D” and “T” interchange (e.g. “Diel” can be “Thiel”); “”C,” “G,” and “K” often have a similar sound (e.g. “Henrich1 Clock” was known as “Klock,” and even “Glock”); “B” and “P” often transpose (e.g. “Ludwig1 Batz” was known as “Ludwig Potts”); and letters “V” and “F” do the same (e.g. “Arnold1 Falck” was also “Arnold Valk”).
Knowing the myriad Christian names can be helpful: if someone was baptized as “Anthonius,” he will be known as “Teunis/Tönges or Dönges;” “Conrad” as “Curt;” “Dieterich as “Richard;” “Friederich” as “Fritz;” “Georg” as “Jury;” “Gerhardt” as “Garret;” “Jacob” as “James;” “Johannes” as “Hans;” “Ludwig” as “Lewis;” and “Melchior” as “Michael.” My three favorites, however, are if a woman is baptized as “Gertraud” the name will often be anglicized to “Charity,” and if someone is baptized as “Theobald” he will be known as “David” (but NOT vice-versa). Meanwhile, if someone is baptized as “Adolf” he also will be “Adam,” (but again NOT vice-versa).

We must remember, too, the idiosyncrasies of the times. “Junior” in the 18th century did not necessarily mean that he was son of the same-named “Senior” who lived in the community. A couple can have two absolutely identically-named children – both of whom survive to have children; and the middle initial of a person in colonial New York in the 18th and early 19th centuries (e.g. “Johannes C. Müller”) usually can refer to the Christian name of the person’s father. In colonial Pennsylvania it often referred to the maiden name of the mother.

5. Use Family Traditions as Guides, Never Gospel
Family traditions, although well-intentioned (“Grandpa would never lie to me!”), can be misleading when accepted without reservation and should be scrutinized very carefully. For example, I would venture to say that upwards of 70% of the 847 1709er Palatine families have a tradition of Dutch (not German) ancestry. Much of this probably comes from a misunderstanding of the word “Deutsch.” However, there usually is a germ of truth in many family traditions, which often has been attached to the “wrong” ancestor. My books are full of such examples of erroneous traditions, such as my discovery that Jost1 Hite, the “Baron of the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia” actually was found to be the son of the local butcher of Bonfeld, Germany.[10]

6. Don’t Trust Anything Unless the Documentation Is There to Back It Up
Enough said! But maybe one caveat should be added along these lines: when I write my volumes, I often conditionalize  the connectives I make between generations with what my daughter Amanda calls “Dad’s three ‘P’ words:” “perhaps,” “possibly,” and “probably.” So often people using my books post this same information, but completely eliminate these carefully-crafted conditionals when they do so. GRRR!

7. Follow Your Intuition as Well as Your Intellect
In all my years of climbing the family tree, I cannot tell you how many times following “a hunch” has led to all kinds of amazing discoveries. For those who are purely logical, all I’m saying is simply to follow your hunches and see if the facts back them up – they often do. Indeed so many strange things – almost “Twilight Zone experiences” – have happened to me genealogically over the years that they led me to write my two Psychic Roots books. They must have hit a familiar chord as they now are in their 9th printing and over 1,300 of our colleagues around the world have generously shared their similar stories with me. In fact, I understand now when something weird happens to a genealogist that they can’t explain, they sometimes say, “I’m having a Hank Jones Moment.” I’m honored to be an adjective.
I hope all this helps. Good hunting!

* - See more at: http://blogs.ancestry.com/ancestry/2014/10/27/7-genealogical-lessons-

[1]  Henry Z Jones, Jr., Psychic Roots: Serendipity & Intuition in Genealogy  (Baltimore, 1993), the sequel of which is Henry Z Jones, Jr., More Psychic Roots: Further Adventures in Serendipity & Intuition in Genealogy  (Baltimore, 1997).
[2] Descendants of the Palatines who wish to network with others should investigate joining Palatines To America: German Genealogical Society (https://www.palam.org) and/or The Irish Palatine Association (http://www.irishpalatines.org).
[3] Revised and expanded as Henry Z Jones, Jr., FASG, The Palatine Families of Ireland , 2nd ed. (Camden, Maine, 1990). For additional discoveries see: “Newly Found German Origins of Some Irish Palatine Families,” The Irish Palatine Association Journal 20 (2013).
[4] For more on Hank Jones’s “Other Life,” read Memories – The “Show-Biz” Part of my Life (San Diego, California, 2006).
[5]  Henry Z Jones, Jr., FASG, The Palatine Families of New York: A Study of the German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710 , 2 vols. (Universal City, California, 1985). For additional discoveries see: “Some Newly-Discovered German Origins for the Palatine Families of New York – 1710,” The American Genealogist 85 (2011): 46-62.
[6] Henry Z Jones, Jr., FASG, More Palatine Families, Some Immigrants to the Middle Colonies1717 – 1776 and their European Origins, Plus New Discoveries on German Families Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710  (Rockport, Maine, 1991).
[7]  Henry Z Jones, Jr., FASG, and Lewis Bunker Rohrbach, CG, Even More Palatine Families: 18th Century Immigrants to the American Colonies and Their German, Swiss, and American Origins, 3 vols. (Camden, Maine, 2002).
[8]  Henry Z Jones, Jr., FASG, and Annette Kunselman Burgert, Westerwald To America: Some 18th Century German Immigrants  (Rockport, Maine, 1990),
[9] For fuller examples of studies focusing on relationships of a group in a particular place and period including my own Palatine project, the late Marsha Hoffman Rising’s Opening The Ozarks books and Robert Charles Anderson’s seminal The Great Migration series, see Robert Charles Anderson’s “The Joys of Prosopography: Collective Biography for Genealogists” in American Ancestors (Winter 2010) pp. 25 – 29.
[10] I was a consultant on the Who Do You Think You Are? episode featuring a descendant of Jost Hite, country music singer Tim McGraw.
- See more at: http://blogs.ancestry.com/ancestry/2014/10/27/7-genealogical-lessons-for-researching-your-palatine-ancestors#sthash.TwkS5qhI.dpuf

Read Across America Day - March 2

Read Across America Day in United States

Many people in the United States, particularly students, parents and teachers, join forces on Read Across America Day, annually held on March 2.

This nationwide observance coincides with the birthday of Dr Seuss, who is known for writing children’s books.

Sunday, March 1, 2015

Word of the Day

 \ PEE-kok \, verb;  
1.to make a vainglorious display; strut like a peacock.
1.the male of the peafowl distinguished by its long, erectile, greenish, iridescent tail coverts that are brilliantly marked with ocellated spots and that can be spread in a fan.
2.any peafowl.
3.a vain, self-conscious person.
4.(initial capital letter) Astronomy . the constellation Pavo.

…he must have passed for a rich man when he peacocked  about the town in his shaggy purple gown with gold buttons and hoop lace.
-- Katharine Burrill, "Letters of a Peer and a Pork-Packer," Chambers's Journal , Volume VI, 1903

He peacocks  in all his Seventies finery--glitter in his hair, a rhinestone-studded silver suit and as much jewelry as human fingers can hold.
-- Rob Sheffield, "The Rhinestone Closet," Rolling Stone , May 26, 2013

Peacock  is formed from the now-obsolete word pea  meaning "peafowl," and cock  meaning "a male of the gallinaceous kind" or "rooster." It entered English at the turn of the 13th century as a noun, and began to be used as a verb in the late 1500s.


Old School Hack - DailyWritingTips

Old School Hack By Maeve Maddox Before computing added new meanings to the word hack, the meaning I associated most commonly with it was “a writer who churns out unimaginative writing for hire.” This use of the word hack derives from the horse rental industry. Hack is the shortened form of hackney, a word that entered English from French haquenée, “a small horse suitable for ordinary riding.” In The Canterbury Tales (c.1368), Chaucer describes the Canon’s Yeoman as riding “a dapple-gray hackney.” From meaning a type of horse, hackney came to mean a rented horse. Because hired horses were overworked, hackney and hack came to mean any person employed in servile, tedious, and tiring work. As an adjective, hackney meant “worn out by indiscriminate or vulgar use.” One could speak of “a hackney proverb” or “a hackney plot.” In modern English, the adjective with this meaning is hackneyed: His [Dreiser’s] hackneyed and clichéd diction occurs frequently when he is not engaged in a form of indirect discourse, as in his description of the New York theatre district. By the 18th century, the noun hackney had been shortened to hack and could mean either “a hired horse” or “a hired carriage.” In the United States, hack is still used as a word for taxicab. By the 1770s, hack had taken on the meaning of “a literary drudge, who hires himself out to do any and every kind of literary work; hence, a poor writer, a mere scribbler.” It is still used with this sense by speakers who grew up before the word became associated with computing: There is hack fiction all over the best seller list so nothing new there. [James] Patterson belongs in his own category, reserved for the hacks committed to hacking every day. [Peter] Brown is a lesser hacker. Journalists have long been referred to as hacks because they must produce daily content on a variety of subjects. The application of the word hack to prolific, high-earning novelists scorned by literary critics has produced a backlash against the pejorative use of the word hack. Writing in The Guardian, David Barnett demands “What’s wrong with being a hack?” He reminds readers that literary giant Samuel Johnson declared “No man but a blockhead ever wrote, except for money.” Barnett sees nothing wrong with being “prolific, inventive, writing for a populist mass-market readership” and making money for it. Attempts to redefine hack as it applies to writers of fiction can only be wasted effort. The word has become too closely associated with computer use and new terminology is growing up to describe a new kind of writing: “Hacker journalists” are computer programmers who assume roles as journalists in order to affect social change. Unlike the traditional hack writer who writes only for monetary gain, “hacker journalists” pursue non-monetary rewards and seek personal fulfillment through moral interventionism. —“Muckraking in the Digital Age: Hacker Journalism and Cyber Activism in Legacy Media,” by Bret Schulte, and Stephanie Schulte, Mediac, The Journal of New Media and Culture, Volume 9, Issue 1) I guess we’ll just have to come up with a new term for “an unimaginative writer who will write any kind of drivel for money.” http://www.dailywritingtips.com/old-school-hack/

Meet the Yocum Staff- Jolene M. Flamm

Name: Jolene M. Flamm.
Position in Library: Library Assistant.
Educational Background: AA―Liberal Arts―Reading Area Community College 2013.
Favorite Book: Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland.
Favorite Movie: Singing in the Rain.
Favorite Area of Library: The movie section because it’s great to see all the new DVDs. Thanks Pat!!
Special Interest: Reading heartwarming funny books or anything from Brendan O’Carroll, Jodi Picoult or Joyce Carroll Oates; making coffee or tea; writing with a fountain pen; watching old movies; walking through a forest or Hawk Mountain; camping; eating; taking pictures of nature; spending time with my soul mate.
Hobby: bird watching, photography, and drawing.

Saturday, February 28, 2015

Solutions Grass Roots Tour

Please join us March 14, 2015 - 7 p.m.-9 p.m. for the Solutions Grass Roots Tour.
At Schmidt Training and Technology Center.
Reading Area Community College.

Daily Writing Tips - 7 Ethnic Names with Figurative Meanings

7 Ethnic Names with Figurative Meanings
by Mark Nichol

Names of ethnic groups have inspired nonliteral associations, many of them derogatory designations for the “other.” Here are seven such terms based on such names.

1. Bohemian: This word for one who adopts an unconventional lifestyle derives from the name of a historic region of Europe that now constitutes much of the present-day Czech Republic. Because many of the Romani people (see gypsy, below) had lived for a time in this area before settling in France, they were called Bohemians. In turn, this designation was attached to artists and writers who, because of poverty (voluntary or otherwise), often lived in city neighborhoods where the “original” Bohemians had concentrated.
Words derived from the term include the abbreviation boho and the neologism bobo, the latter from “bourgeois bohemian,” referring to an affluent person from a mainstream background who affects nontraditional attitudes and habits.

2. Goth: This designation for a modern subculture distinguished by somber attire and demeanor and a fascination with death and the supernatural has its roots in gothic literature and horror imagery inspired by German expressionism. Gothic literature, in turn, derives its name from the standard setting of stories in this genre: castles or monasteries of the Gothic architectural style.
This style, meanwhile, takes its name from a pejorative use of Gothic to mean “barbaric”; the Goths were a loose confederation of tribes from Scandinavia responsible for the conquest of Rome and other centers of civilization in the early Middle Ages.

3. Gypsy: The Romani, members of a far-flung ethnic group originally from the Indian subcontinent, were long believed to have come from Egypt, and their informal name, now sometimes considered pejorative, derived from Egyptian. The term has also been used to refer to people with nontraditional, nomadic lifestyles and is employed loosely in such terms as “gypsy dancer.” The truncation gyp, meaning “cheat,” in both noun and verb form, results from an association of the Romani with fraud and thievery.

4. Lesbian: This name for a person from the Greek island of Lesbos acquired a connotation of female homosexuality thanks to a resident named Sappho, a woman who wrote poetry expressing love and passion for both men and women. Her name also led to the use of the adjective Sapphic to describe female homosexuality.

5. Philistine: Influenced by biblical references to a people of the Near East called the Philistines as archenemies of the Israelites (the land they had lived in was later called Palestine), the term came to be used to refer to uncivilized people; later by extension, a philistine was a person lacking refined artistic or cultural tastes and values.

6. Tartar: Though the term is now used rarely, a tartar is an irritable or violent person. The name comes from a variation of Tatar, the designation for an ethnic group originating near what is now Mongolia and now found in Russia and nearby countries; the Tatars, long allied with the Mongols, were stereotyped as being ruthless.

7. Vandal: This Germanic tribe, originating in Scandinavia, came to be associated with looting and pillaging because, after migrating throughout Europe and settling in North Africa, the Vandals conquered Rome in the early Middle Ages. However, recent historians have argued that the Vandals did not destroy the late Roman civilization but rather adopted the culture. Nevertheless, the word still refers to someone who damages property.


Word of the Day

 \ kuh-MEN-suhl \ , adjective;  
1.eating together at the same table.
2.Ecology . (of an animal, plant, fungus, etc.) living with, on, or in another, without injury to either.
3.Sociology . (of a person or group) not competing while residing in or occupying the same area as another individual or group having independent or different values or customs.
1.a companion at table.
2.Ecology . a commensal organism.

Food is therefore extremely affective; its taste on our individual tongues often incites strong emotions, while the communal, commensal  experience of such sensations binds people together, not only through space but time as well, as individuals collectively remember past experiences with certain meals and imagine their ancestors having similar experiences.
-- Michael A. Di Giovine and Ronda L. Brulotte, "Food and Foodways as Cultural Heritage," Edible Identities: Food as Cultural Heritage , 2014

Ant colonies often entertain a variety of parasitic arthropods such as beetles and mites, and some that are merely commensal ; that is they merely cohabit with the ants, and thereby perhaps gain protection, or scavenge for scrap food, but do no obvious harm.
-- Kenneth Whitney, "Laboulbeniales: a meek and successful social disease," New Scientist , December 23–30, 1982

Either there was soil deeper down, or this species of tree was a remarkable instance of a commensal  or a parasite.
-- Yann Martel, Life of Pi , 2001

Commensal  entered English in the 1300s. It derives from the Latin term commēnsālis , which combines com-  meaning "together" and mensa  meaning "table."


Library Pun Humor

Friday, February 27, 2015

This Day in History

*Feb 27, 1922: Supreme Court defends women's voting rights

In Washington, D.C., the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, providing for female suffrage, is unanimously declared constitutional by the eight members of the U.S. Supreme Court. The 19th Amendment, which stated that "the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of sex," was the product of over seven decades of meetings, petitions, and protests by women suffragists and their supporters.

 In 1916, the Democratic and Republican parties endorsed female enfranchisement, and on June 4, 1919, the 19th Amendment was passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification. On August 18, 1920, Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the amendment, achieving the required three-fourths majority of state ratification, and on August 26 the 19th Amendment officially took effect.


Word of the Day

 \ sol-ip-SIS-tik \, adjective;  
1.of or characterized by solipsism, or the theory that only the self exists, or can be proved to exist: Her treatment philosophy dealt with madness as a complete, self-contained, solipsistic world that sane people are not able to enter .

I mean that in the solipsistic  sense, the way a little boy sometimes assumes other people wind down like robots as soon as he leaves the room: People seem to stop existing as soon as Cheryl Glickman turns her eyes away from them.
-- Lauren Groff, "‘The First Bad Man,’ by Miranda July," New York Times , January 16, 2015

Your love must be very--what's the word-- solipsistic  if you don't even imagine or speculate about what I might feel.
-- Iris Murdoch, "The Black Prince ," 1973

Solipsistic  descends from the Latin terms sōlus  meaning "alone" and ipse  meaning "self." It entered English in the late 1800s.


Library Humor