Welcome to The Yocum Library of Reading Area Community College's Blog!

For many years we have published a print newsletter for the RACC community that provided information on the library's staff, resources, and services. In order to provide information on a more timely basis, we decided to switch to the blog format. We hope that you enjoy learning more about The Yocum Library of RACC.

Saturday, November 22, 2014

Word of the Day

 \ pa-NIV-er-uhs \, adjective;  
1.subsisting on bread; bread-eating.

But the people who persevered in their panivorous  propensities, accused the emperor of selling our corn to the English.
-- Joseph Fouché, translated from the French, "The Memoirs of Joseph Fouché," 1825

…a measure of thrice-winnowed corn, whereof every grain has its separate existence, secured in a casket of club-exclusiveness, like the Crown jewels behind their iron-grating in the Tower, or Thompsonianly speaking, like the daily bread behind the barred windows of a boulanger in the panivorous  kingdom of France.
-- Catherine Gore, "Sketches of English Character," 1846

Panivorous  is formed from Latin term pānis , "bread," and -vorous , an adjectival combining form meaning "eating, gaining sustenance from." It entered English in the 1820s.


Day In History - November 22

November 22, 1963:
John F. Kennedy assassinated

John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th president of the United States, is assassinated while traveling through Dallas, Texas, in an open-top convertible.

First lady Jacqueline Kennedy rarely accompanied her husband on political outings, but she was beside him, along with Texas Governor John Connally and his wife, for a 10-mile motorcade through the streets of downtown Dallas on November 22. Sitting in a Lincoln convertible, the Kennedys and Connallys waved at the large and enthusiastic crowds gathered along the parade route.

As their vehicle passed the Texas School Book Depository Building at 12:30 p.m., Lee Harvey Oswald allegedly fired three shots from the sixth floor, fatally wounding President Kennedy and seriously injuring Governor Connally. Kennedy was pronounced dead 30 minutes later at Dallas' Parkland Hospital. He was 46.

Vice President Lyndon Johnson, who was three cars behind President Kennedy in the motorcade, was sworn in as the 36th president of the United States at 2:39 p.m. He took the presidential oath of office aboard Air Force One as it sat on the runway at Dallas Love Field airport.

The swearing in was witnessed by some 30 people, including Jacqueline Kennedy, who was still wearing clothes stained with her husband's blood. Seven minutes later, the presidential jet took off for Washington.

The next day, November 23, President Johnson issued his first proclamation, declaring November 25 to be a day of national mourning for the slain president. On that Monday, hundreds of thousands of people lined the streets of Washington to watch a horse-drawn caisson bear Kennedy's body from the Capitol Rotunda to St. Matthew's Catholic Cathedral for a requiem Mass.

The solemn procession then continued on to Arlington National Cemetery, where leaders of 99 nations gathered for the state funeral. Kennedy was buried with full military honors on a slope below Arlington House, where an eternal flame was lit by his widow to forever mark the grave.

Lee Harvey Oswald, born in New Orleans in 1939, joined the U.S. Marines in 1956. He was discharged in 1959 and nine days later left for the Soviet Union, where he tried unsuccessfully to become a citizen. He worked in Minsk and married a Soviet woman and in 1962 was allowed to return to the United States with his wife and infant daughter. In early 1963, he bought a .38 revolver and rifle with a telescopic sight by mail order, and on April 10 in Dallas he allegedly shot at and missed former U.S. Army general Edwin Walker, a figure known for his extreme right-wing views.

Later that month, Oswald went to New Orleans and founded a branch of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, a pro-Castro organization. In September 1963, he went to Mexico City, where investigators allege that he attempted to secure a visa to travel to Cuba or return to the USSR. In October, he returned to Dallas and took a job at the Texas School Book Depository Building.

Less than an hour after Kennedy was shot, Oswald killed a policeman who questioned him on the street near his rooming house in Dallas. Thirty minutes later, Oswald was arrested in a movie theater by police responding to reports of a suspect. He was formally arraigned on November 23 for the murders of President Kennedy and Officer J.D. Tippit.

On November 24, Oswald was brought to the basement of the Dallas police headquarters on his way to a more secure county jail. A crowd of police and press with live television cameras rolling gathered to witness his departure. As Oswald came into the room, Jack Ruby emerged from the crowd and fatally wounded him with a single shot from a concealed .38 revolver. Ruby, who was immediately detained, claimed that rage at Kennedy's murder was the motive for his action. Some called him a hero, but he was nonetheless charged with first-degree murder.

Jack Ruby, originally known as Jacob Rubenstein, operated strip joints and dance halls in Dallas and had minor connections to organized crime. He features prominently in Kennedy-assassination theories, and many believe he killed Oswald to keep him from revealing a larger co

In his trial, Ruby denied the allegation and pleaded innocent on the grounds that his great grief over Kennedy's murder had caused him to suffer "psychomotor epilepsy" and shoot Oswald unconsciously. The jury found Ruby guilty of "murder with malice" and sentenced him to die.

In October 1966, the Texas Court of Appeals reversed the decision on the grounds of improper admission of testimony and the fact that Ruby could not have received a fair trial in Dallas at the time. In January 1967, while awaiting a new trial, to be held in Wichita Falls, Ruby died of lung cancer in a Dallas hospital.

The official Warren Commission report of 1964 concluded that neither Oswald nor Ruby were part of a larger conspiracy, either domestic or international, to assassinate President Kennedy. Despite its seemingly firm conclusions, the report failed to silence conspiracy theories surrounding the event, and in 1978 the House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded in a preliminary report that Kennedy was "probably assassinated as a result of a conspiracy" that may have involved multiple shooters and organized crime. The committee's findings, as with those of the Warren Commission, continue to be widely disputed.


Library Quotes

Friday, November 21, 2014

Word of the Day

 \ STAHR-krawst, -krost \, adjective;  
1.thwarted or opposed by the stars; ill-fated: star-crossed lovers .

From forth the fatal loins of these two foes/ A pair of star-crossed  lovers take their life…
-- William Shakespeare,"Romeo and Juliet," 1597

Heartbroken, star-crossed , he related flatly that ten years ago to the day, his first Grable collection and all memorabilia was similarly done in by a fire.
-- Beverly Linet and Marjorie Rosen, "Huff-Buffs and the Ephemera Mystique," New York , August 16, 1971

The earliest citation of star-crossed  comes from William Shakespeare in the late 1500s, although the word star  had been used to refer to celestial bodes that exercised influence on human affairs as early as the 1200s. By the 1600s, star  had an expanded sense of "a person's destiny, fortune, temperament, etc., regarded as influenced and determined by the stars."


Meet the Yocum Staff- Brenna J. Corbit

Name: Brenna J. Corbit
Position in Library: Technical Services Librarian
Educational Background: MLIS Library Science (academic), University of Pittsburgh 2006; MA English Literature, Kutztown 2003; BA English and Communication, Alvernia 2001; AA, Liberal Arts, Reading Area Community College 2000
Favorite Book: A Christmas Carol
Favorite Movie: It’s a Wonderful Life
Favorite Area of Library: Being in my office cataloging the new books.
Special Interests: Reading―especially Romantic Period and 19th Century literature; watching and learning about birds—especially ravens and crows; researching various family genealogies; cooking and eating spicy and ethnic cuisine; drinking coffees and teas; sipping red zinfandel or a good bourbon on the rocks; walking through nature; watching old movies with my sweetheart; writing with fountain pens; enjoying autumn and winter’s chill; sitting beneath a fully-lit Christmas tree; socializing with my library friends; and most of all, being with my family and my soul-mate.
Hobbies: Origami, writing poetry, art, cooking, genealogy.

Library Humor

Thursday, November 20, 2014

Scheduled Classes for Computers

9:30 a.m. - 10:50 a.m. Reserved—Mr. Reimenschneider
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Mr. Jerry Reimenschneider COM121 (12) NO INSTRUCTION; reserve 12
library computers.

12:30 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. Reserved---Ms. Essig
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Brenda Essig COM 021 (12) Reserve the 12 instruction computers without
library staff instruction.

Word of the Day

 \ SLUHB-er \, verb;  
1.to perform hastily or carelessly.

Even-tempered as he was, he soon began to give evidences of the strain of being pent in with a mechanical monster that toiled, and sobbed, and slubbered  in the shouting dark.
-- Jack London, "The Pearls of Parlay," A Son of the Sun , 1912

…Nature showed she doth not like men, who slubber  up matters of mean account.
-- Philip Sidney (1554–1586), "The Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia," Sir Philip Sidney: Selected Prose and Poetry , edited by Robert Kimbrough, 1983

Slubber  may descend from the Low German term slubbern  meaning "to do work carelessly." When slubber  entered English in the early to mid-1500s, it meant "to stain or smear."


This Day In History- November 20

Nov 20, 1955:
Bo Diddley makes his national television debut on The Ed Sullivan Show

Born Ellas Otha Bates in McComb, Mississippi, in 1928, the man better known as Bo Diddley introduced himself and his namesake beat to the world on this day in 1955 with his television debut on The Ed Sullivan Show.

Bo Diddley opened his appearance on Ed Sullivan with the eponymously titled song "Bo Diddley,". This now-famous number set portions of the children's rhyme "Mockingbird" to what is now known as "the Bo Diddley beat"—a syncopated rhythm in 4/4 time that is the foundation of such rock-and-roll classics as Buddy Holly's "Not Fade Away" and the Stangeloves' "I Want Candy," among countless others.

Five months before Elvis Presley would make his famous Ed Sullivan debut, Diddley's performance gave many Americans their first exposure to rock and roll, though that term was not yet familiar to mainstream audiences. Neither was the Bo Diddley beat, yet within just a few seconds of the drum-and-maraca opening of "Bo Diddley," the live Ed Sullivan audience can be heard spontaneously clapping along to the distinctive rhythm in the surviving kinescope recording of the performance.

As Diddley would later tell the story, Ed Sullivan had expected him to perform only a cover version of "Tennessee" Ernie Ford's "Sixteen Tons" and was furious enough with him for opening with "Bo Diddley" that Sullivan banned him from future appearances on his show.

Be that as it may, Diddley's appearance on this day in 1955 introduced a sound that would influence generations of followers. As blues-rock artist George Thorogood—who performed and recorded many Bo Diddley covers during his own career—once told Rolling Stone: "[Chuck Berry's] 'Maybellene' is a country song sped up... 'Johnny B. Goode' is blues sped up. But you listen to 'Bo Diddley,' and you say, 'What in the Jesus is that?'"


Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Word of the Day

 \ KLOU-der \, noun;  
1.a group or cluster of cats.

"That's a fine clowder  of cats you have, Aunt Alex," I told the old dowager one day when I was bringing her some peanut brittle from my mother.
-- Noel Perrin, "Don't Give Me One Dozen Roses, Give Me a Nosegay," The New Yorker , April 4, 1959

A clowder  of scrawny cats was busy in a heap of fishbones, while a couple of others groomed themselves in doorways and on window-sills.
-- Ross King, "Ex-Libris ," 1998

Clowder  comes from the term clodder  meaning "clotted mass." It entered English in the late 1700s.


Searching for Your Ancestor’s Maiden Name

One of the most common problems in researching genealogy is determining a female ancestor’s maiden name.

Without this vital piece of information, your research could hit a brick wall, hindering you from discovering an entire branch from your family tree.

The list provided here will give you suggestions on places to look for your ancestor’s maiden name.

1. Marriage Record: This should be the first place you look for a woman’s maiden name. Marriage records usually list the bride’s first and maiden name, as well as possibly her place of birth and/or residence, age, and parent’s names.

2. Census Records: Look for every census record during your female ancestor’s life. You may find her and her husband living with her parents, or you may find that her parents are living next door so be sure to also pay attention to neighbors.

3. Death Record: Sometimes a death record will list a woman’s maiden name, or even her parent’s names. These records are notorious for listing inaccurate information, so be sure to confirm the information with another source whenever possible.

4. Wills: While it wasn’t common practice for our female ancestors to leave wills, her husband may have left something to her brother in his will. This may be a bit of a stretch, but it never hurts to look!

5. Tombstone: Women’s maiden names are often written on their tombstones, whether it was listed as her surname (often followed by “wife of…”), or as her middle name.

6. Vital Records of her Children: A great place to look for your female ancestor’s maiden name is on the birth, marriage, and death records of her children. This is also a good reason why researching collateral ancestors (ancestors, such as aunts, uncles and cousins, who are not directly related to you) is recommended by many genealogists.

7. Obituary: If you know the date your ancestor died, you may be able to locate her obituary in her local newspaper. Her maiden name may also be listed in her children’s obituaries.
8. Pension Record: If your female ancestor’s husband fought in a war, he may have had a pension file that listed her maiden name.

9. Land Records: Your female ancestor’s father may have passed land on to her, so checking deeds may be helpful in determining her maiden name; however, because married women could not own land (only her husband could), the deed would likely be in the husband’s name. Search for records that lists your male ancestor’s name followed by et ux. (and wife) or et al. (and others), or for someone selling your ancestor land for $1.

10. Local History Books: Local history books may include information or stories about your female ancestor and her family and can often be purchased from town or city clerks, libraries, local bookstores, and sometimes online. You may also want to see if the book is available for free viewing on Google Books.

11. Naming Patterns: Children were sometimes given the middle name of their mother’s maiden name. If you find a child with an unusual middle name, or a middle name that you would usually associate with a surname, you may want to conduct a little research to determine if it is, indeed, your female ancestor’s maiden name. Another tip that may be helpful is that it was commonplace that the eldest daughter be named after her maternal grandmother.


The Writer’s 5 Ws

The Writer’s 5 Ws
by Maeve Maddox

Yes, it’s Journalism 101, but people who should have it engraved upon the doorposts of their hearts still manage to forget that every news story should contain the Five Ws (and sometimes the H of “how”).

As editor for a site for writers, I solicit announcements about events that have to do with writing. I am dismayed by the number of submissions I receive that leave out one of the five Ws.

Kipling made it easy for us to remember:

"I keep six honest serving-men
(They taught me all I knew);
Their names are What and Why and When
And How and Where and Who."

For a club announcement, be sure that the five Ws provide enough information to enable a reader to make a decision.

For example, the When should include not just the date, but the time of day. Readers will appreciate having an ending time as well as a beginning time, for example, “noon until 3 p.m.”

The Where may be familiar to the person writing the notice, but it may not be to the reader. If the place is a restaurant or a hall, it may be helpful to include an address, or directions for getting there.

The Who needs to include more “who-ness” than just a name. If Who is a speaker, use an appropriate epithet: Forensics expert Max Lewis, Entomology professor Laurie Baxter, literary agent Maggie Smith. If the Who is an organization, don’t expect everyone to know that SCBWI stands for Society of Children’s Book Writers and Illustrators. Spell it out at least once.

The What, of course, is the event: a monthly meeting, the tour of a new library, an exhibit.

The Why should give the reader an idea of why the event is worth attending: an opportunity to see a new facility, to learn about criminal investigation, to find out what an agent wants in a query letter.

Next time you’re asked to send a notice of an upcoming event to your local media, it might be a good idea to review the five Ws (and sometimes H) before submitting it.

Oh, and one more thing that’s not in Kipling’s list: Be sure to include contact information. This may take the form of a name, telephone number, website, or email address at the end of the story.

* http://www.dailywritingtips.com/the-writers-5-ws/

Tuesday, November 18, 2014

Scheduled Classes for Computers

9:30 a.m. - 10:30 a.m. Reserved—Ms. Hoerr
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Ms. Dorothy Hoerr COM051 (20) Using ProQuest database presented by Ms.
Brenna Corbit.

Word of the Day

 \ roo-FES-uhnt \,adjective;  
1.somewhat reddish; tinged with red; rufous.

On leaving the nest the young Swallows, especially the birds of the first brood, lost this rufescent  tint rather quickly and become bleached, the forehead turning to white with exposure, and the throat fading to a pale tawny buff or white.
-- Richard Bowdler Sharpe, "Catalogue of the Passeriformes, or Perching Birds, in the Collection of the British Museum," Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum: Volume X , 1885

Behind us, Tony and Lee cataloged the profusion of exotic birds-- rufescent  tiger-herons, harpy eagles and iridscent macaws.
-- Patrick Woodhead, "Tumble in the Jungle," New York Times , May 21, 2006

Rufescent  was mostly used in zoological descriptions when it entered English in the early 1800s. Its Latin precursor rūfēscent  was formed from the Latin term for "red" or "reddish," rūfus , the inchoative element -ēsc- .


Library Humor

Monday, November 17, 2014

Scheduled Classes for Computers and Tours

9 a.m. - 10:30 a.m. Reserved—Ms. Gieringer
Where: Yocum Instruction Area
Description: Ms. Dawn Gieringer COM051 (20) No instruction -- reserve 12 computers.

2:30 p.m. - 3:30 p.m. Tour stop Raven Ambassadors
Description: Quick intro from library staff - presented by Ms. Kim Stahler

Library humor

Word of the Day

 \ PEL-MEL \,adverb;  
1.in a confused or jumbled mass, crowd, manner, etc.: The crowd rushed pell-mell into the store when the doors opened .
2.in disorderly, headlong haste; in a recklessly hurried manner.
1.indiscriminate; disorderly; confused: a pell-mell dash after someone .
2.overhasty or precipitate; rash: pell-mell spending .
1.a confused or jumbled mass, crowd, etc.
2.disorderly, headlong haste.

But they erode already thin profit margins in developing-world factories and foster a pell-mell  work environment in which getting the order out the door is the only thing that matters.
-- James Surowiecki, "After Rana Plaza," The New Yorker , May 20, 2013

Her voice grew huskier, the words rushing out of her mouth pell-mell .
-- Henry Miller, "Quiet Days in Clichy ," 1956

Pell-mell  is a variation on the French term pesle mesle , which is derived from the French verb mesler , "to mix." It entered English in the late 1500s.


Sunday, November 16, 2014

Library Quotes

Word of the Day

 \ GEYP-seed, GAP- \, noun;  
1.British Dialect . a person who gapes or stares in wonder, especially a rustic or unworldly person who is easily awed.
2.British Dialect . a daydream or reverie.
3.British Dialect . an idealistic, impossible, or unreal plan or goal.
4.British Dialect . something that is gaped at; anything unusual or remarkable.

I'm retired: sort of a gapeseed , a daydreamer, you know.
-- D. Keith Mano, Take Five , 1982

The first time Jessalyn attended a racing meet, Gram had accused her of behaving like a gapeseed , staring open-mouthed at every sight.
-- Penelope Williamson, "Once in a Blue Moon," 1993

Gapeseed  is formed from the verb gape  meaning "to open the mouth wide." It entered English in the late 1500s.Take Five," 1982


Meet the Yocum Staff - Kathleen Nye

Kathy Nye
Name: Kathleen Van Fossen - Nye
Position in Library: Library Assistant - Editor of Facebook, Twitter and The Yocum Library Blog.
Educational Background: A.A.S. and A.A. From Reading Area Community College.  Penn State University, Berks Campus, B.A. Professional Writing, Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society.
Favorite Book: The Color Purple
Favorite Movie: Paris Blues
Favorite Area of Library: Tower Room
Special Interest: Advocacy for Women with Breast Cancer Reconstruction.
Hobby: Photography, travel, cooking and genealogy.

To view profiles of other staff members click on "Labels : Staff " below..