Welcome to The Yocum Library of Reading Area Community College's Blog!

For many years we have published a print newsletter for the RACC community that provided information on the library's staff, resources, and services. In order to provide information on a more timely basis, we decided to switch to the blog format. We hope that you enjoy learning more about The Yocum Library of RACC.

Tuesday, May 26, 2015

Library Humor

Word of the Day

 \ zahy-LOG-ruh-fee \  , noun;  
the art of engraving on wood, or of printing from such engravings.
Definition of xylography| See synonyms| Comment on today's word| Suggest tomorrow's word

Widespread dissemination of these works of art became possible after the invention of xylography , or woodblock printing, generally credited to Hishikawa Moronobu (1618–94) who was born in Boshu, Chiba.
-- Evan S. Connell, Double Honeymoon , 1976
Given the nature of xylography  as a sort of “printing on demand,” individual works from the vast tripitaka could be printed as required…
-- Edited by Simon Eliot and Johnathan Rose, A Companion to the History of the Book , 2007
Xylography  came to English in the early 1800s from French. Its origin ultimately lies in the Greek roots meaning "wood" and "writing."


This Day in History - May 26

 Dracula goes on sale in London - May 26, 1897
*The first copies of the classic vampire novel Dracula, by Irish writer Bram Stoker, appear in London bookshops on this day in 1897.
A childhood invalid, Stoker grew up to become a football (soccer) star at Trinity College, Dublin. After graduation, he got a job in civil service at Dublin Castle, where he worked for the next 10 years while writing drama reviews for the Dublin Mail on the side. In this way, Stoker met the well-respected actor Sir Henry Irving, who hired him as his manager. Stoker stayed in the post for most of the next three decades, writing Irving's voluminous correspondence for him and accompanying him on tours in the United States. Over the years, Stoker began writing a number of horror stories for magazines, and in 1890 he published his first novel, The Snake's Pass.To read more go to; http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=VideoArticle&id=52692

Dracula books/DVDs at Yocum.

Monday, May 25, 2015

Word of the Day

mot \moh\, noun:

1. a pithy or witty remark; bon mot.
2. Archaic. a note on a horn, bugle, etc.

…and only when King Alfin was back in Onhava, did he gradually realize from a reiteration of rather frantic questions that he had left somebody behind ("What emperor?" has remained his only memorable mot).
-- Vladimir Nabokov, Pale Fire, 1962

And then as the duchess went on relating a mot with which her mother had snubbed the great Napoleon, it occurred to Newman that her evasion of a chapter of French history more interesting to himself might possibly be a results of an extreme consideration for his feelings.
-- Henry James, The American, 1877

Mot comes from the French word of the same spelling, which in turn is rooted in the Latin word muttum which meant "utterance." It is related to the word motto.


Memorial Day History

*Three years after the Civil War ended, on May 5, 1868, the head of an organization of Union veterans — the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) — established Decoration Day as a time for the nation to decorate the graves of the war dead with flowers. Maj. Gen. John A. Logan declared that Decoration Day should be observed on May 30. It is believed that date was chosen because flowers would be in bloom all over the country.
The first large observance was held that year at Arlington National Cemetery, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C.
The ceremonies centered around the mourning-draped veranda of the Arlington mansion, once the home of Gen. Robert E. Lee. Various Washington officials, including Gen. and Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant, presided over the ceremonies. After speeches, children from the Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Orphan Home and members of the GAR made their way through the cemetery, strewing flowers on both Union and Confederate graves, reciting prayers and singing hymns.
Local Observances Claim To Be First Local springtime tributes to the Civil War dead already had been held in various places. One of the first occurred in Columbus, Miss., April 25, 1866, when a group of women visited a cemetery to decorate the graves of Confederate soldiers who had fallen in battle at Shiloh. Nearby were the graves of Union soldiers, neglected because they were the enemy. Disturbed at the sight of the bare graves, the women placed some of their flowers on those graves, as well.
Today, cities in the North and the South claim to be the birthplace of Memorial Day in 1866. Both Macon and Columbus, Ga., claim the title, as well as Richmond, Va. The village of Boalsburg, Pa., claims it began there two years earlier. A stone in a Carbondale, Ill., cemetery carries the statement that the first Decoration Day ceremony took place there on April 29, 1866. Carbondale was the wartime home of Gen. Logan. Approximately 25 places have been named in connection with the origin of Memorial Day, many of them in the South where most of the war dead were buried.
Official Birthplace Declared In 1966, Congress and President Lyndon Johnson declared Waterloo, N.Y., the “birthplace” of Memorial Day. There, a ceremony on May 5, 1866, honored local veterans who had fought in the Civil War. Businesses closed and residents flew flags at half-staff. Supporters of Waterloo’s claim say earlier observances in other places were either informal, not community-wide or one-time events.
By the end of the 19th century, Memorial Day ceremonies were being held on May 30 throughout the nation. State legislatures passed proclamations designating the day, and the Army and Navy adopted regulations for proper observance at their facilities.
It was not until after World War I, however, that the day was expanded to honor those who have died in all American wars. In 1971, Memorial Day was declared a national holiday by an act of Congress, though it is still often called Decoration Day. It was then also placed on the last Monday in May, as were some other federal holidays.
* MORE:http://www.va.gov/opa/speceven/memday/history.asp

This Day in History - May 25, 1895 Oscar Wilde is sent to prison for indecency

*Playwright Oscar Wilde is taken to Reading Gaol in London after being convicted of sodomy. The famed writer of Dorian Gray and The Importance of Being Earnest brought attention to his private life in a feud with Sir John Sholto Douglas, whose son was intimately involved with Wilde.

Homosexuality was a criminal offense and serious societal taboo at this time in Britain. Wilde had gone back and forth between hiding his sexual orientation and attempting to gain some measure of public acceptance. After Douglas, a furious homophobe, began spouting his objections to Wilde's behavior to the public, Wilde felt compelled to sue him for libel.

In his defense, Douglas argued that Wilde had solicited 12 boys to commit sodomy between 1892 and 1894. On the third day of the proceedings, Wilde's lawyer withdrew the suit, since there was abundant evidence of his client's guilt. After that, the Crown issued a warrant for Wilde's arrest on indecency charges. Rather than flee to France, Wilde decided to remain and stand trial. At a preliminary bail hearing, chambermaids testified that they had seen young men in Wilde's bed and a hotel housekeeper stated that there were fecal stains on his bed sheets. Wilde was denied bail.

At Wilde's first criminal trial, he was cross-examined extensively on the "love that dare not speak its name." Wilde managed to secure a mistrial when a lone juror refused to vote to convict. The second trial began on May 21. Although many of the potential witnesses refused to betray Wilde by testifying, he was convicted. The judge remarked at his sentencing, "It is the worst case I have ever tried. I shall pass the severest sentence that the law allows. In my judgment it is totally inadequate for such a case as this. The sentence of the Court is that you be imprisoned and kept to hard labor for two years."

Wilde served his two years and then spent the last three years of his life in exile. He died at the age of 45 and was buried in Paris.

*This Day in History

Sunday, May 24, 2015

Memorial Day Weekend Hours

Saturday, May 23,
Sunday, May 24 and
Monday, May 25
for Memorial Day Weekend

Memorial Day Quote

I have never been able to think of the day as one of mourning; I have never quite been able to feel that half-masted flags were appropriate on Decoration Day. I have rather felt that the flag should be at the peak, because those whose dying we commemorate rejoiced in seeing it where their valor placed it. We honor them in a joyous, thankful, triumphant commemoration of what they did. — Benjamin Harrison

Word of the Day

1. having a harsh or discordant sound.

The teacher with the wife taught Standard Four math and the new teacher taught Standard Five Afrikaans. One day the husband noticed that the new teacher's class was cacophonous, more cacophonous than usual.
-- Peter Orner, The Second Coming of Mavala Shikongo, 2006

Cacophonous comes from the Greek word kakóphōnos meaning "bad sounding."


Saturday, May 23, 2015

Memorial Day Weekend Hours

Closed Saturday, May 23 - Sunday, May 24 and  Monday, May 25 for Memorial Day Weekend

Meet the Staff - Mary Ellen G. Heckman

Mary Ellen G. Heckman
Name: Mary Ellen G. Heckman
Position in Library: Assistant Dean of Library Services & Learning Resources
Educational Background: B.A. in American Studies with Highest Distinction, Honors Program, and Phi Beta Kappa from Penn State, Master’s of Library Service from Rutgers University, Beta Phi Mu (Library Science Honor Society), Kutztown University, Pennsylvania School Library Certificate
Favorite Book: Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen
Favorite Movie: Drama – Citizen Kane / Comedy – Shop Around the Corner
Favorite Area of Library: Film Collection
Special Interest: Local History and genealogy
Hobby: #1 - spending time with my family, especially my grandchild, + reading, kayaking (scenic, still water only), spending time at our cabin

Word of the Day

\kuhl-chuh-RAH-tee, -REY-tahy\
1. people deeply interested in cultural and artistic matters: Discerning culturati are eagerly awaiting the museum's opening.

She'd tried to persuade Russell to look at houses in Brooklyn or even Pelham, a not-too-distant refuge of the middle-aged culturati that had some unrestored houses and decent public schools, but he was determined to make his stand in Manhattan, claiming he was too old for Brooklyn and too young for Pelham--a typical Russell observation.
-- Jay McInerney, The Good Life, 2006

Culturati is patterned on the earlier term literati, which has been in English since the early 1600s. It entered English in the late 19th or early 20th century.


Friday, May 22, 2015

Library Humor

Word of the Day,

1. nonsense, as trivial or senseless talk.
1. to talk nonsense.

Piffle. Oh, my, such piffle. You want a house and children and a collie dog about as much as I do.
-- John Updike, In the Beauty of the Lilies, 1996

Piffle arose in the 1840s. It is of unknown origin.


Library Quotes

Thursday, May 21, 2015

Library Humor

Word of the Day

1. truthful; veracious.
2. corresponding to facts; not illusory; real; actual; genuine.

To answer that question, consider all those worlds in which Macbeth's current visual state is veridical.
-- Gregory Currie, The Nature of Fiction, 1990

Veridical comes from the Latin word vēridicus which means "true speaking."


This Day In History

May 21, 1927:   Lindbergh lands in Paris
*American pilot Charles A. Lindbergh lands at Le Bourget Field in Paris, successfully completing the first solo, nonstop transatlantic flight and the first ever nonstop flight between New York to Paris. His single-engine monoplane, The Spirit of St. Louis, had lifted off from Roosevelt Field in New York 33 1/2 hours before.

Charles Augustus Lindbergh, born in Detroit in 1902, took up flying at the age of 20. In 1923, he bought a surplus World War I Curtiss "Jenny" biplane and toured the country as a barnstorming stunt flyer. In 1924, he enrolled in the Army Air Service flying school in Texas and graduated at the top of his class as a first lieutenant. He became an airmail pilot in 1926 and pioneered the route between St. Louis and Chicago. Among U.S. aviators, he was highly regarded.

In May 1919, the first transatlantic flight was made by a U.S. hydroplane that flew from New York to Plymouth, England, via Newfoundland, the Azores Islands, and Lisbon. Later that month, Frenchman Raymond Orteig, an owner of hotels in New York, put up a purse of $25,000 to the first aviator or aviators to fly nonstop from Paris to New York or New York to Paris. In June 1919, the British fliers John W. Alcock and Arthur W. Brown made the first nonstop transatlantic flight, flying 1,960 miles from Newfoundland to Ireland. The flight from New York to Paris would be nearly twice that distance.

Orteig said his challenge would be good for five years. In 1926, with no one having attempted the flight, Orteig made the offer again. By this time, aircraft technology had advanced to a point where a few thought such a flight might be possible. Several of the world's top aviators--including American polar explorer Richard Byrd, French flying ace Rene Fonck--decided to accept the challenge, and so did Charles Lindbergh.

Lindbergh convinced the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce to sponsor the flight, and a budget of $15,000 was set. The Ryan Airlines Corporation of San Diego volunteered to build a single-engine aircraft to his specifications. Extra fuel tanks were added, and the wing span was increased to 46 feet to accommodate the additional weight. The main fuel tank was placed in front of the cockpit because it would be safest there in the event of a crash. This meant Lindbergh would have no forward vision, so a periscope was added. To reduce weight, everything that was not utterly essential was left out. There would be no radio, gas gauge, night-flying lights, navigation equipment, or parachute. Lindbergh would sit in a light seat made of wicker. Unlike other aviators attempting the flight, Lindbergh would be alone, with no navigator or co-pilot.

The aircraft was christened The Spirit of St. Louis, and on May 12, 1927, Lindbergh flew it from San Diego to New York, setting a new record for the fastest transcontinental flight. Bad weather delayed Lindbergh's transatlantic attempt for a week. On the night of May 19, nerves and a newspaperman's noisy poker game kept him up all night. Early the next morning, though he hadn't slept, the skies were clear and he rushed to Roosevelt Field on Long Island. Six men had died attempting the long and dangerous flight he was about to take.

At 7:52 a.m. EST on May 20, The Spirit of St. Louis lifted off from Roosevelt Field, so loaded with fuel that it barely cleared the telephone wires at the end of the runway. Lindbergh traveled northeast up the coast. After only four hours, he felt tired and flew within 10 feet of the water to keep his mind clear. As night fell, the aircraft left the coast of Newfoundland and set off across the Atlantic. At about 2 a.m. on May 21, Lindbergh passed the halfway mark, and an hour later dawn came. Soon after, The Spirit of St. Louis entered a fog, and Lindbergh struggled to stay awake, holding his eyelids open with his fingers and hallucinating that ghosts were passing through the cockpit.

After 24 hours in the air, he felt a little more awake and spotted fishing boats in the water. At about 11 a.m. (3 p.m. local time), he saw the coast of Ireland. Despite using only rudimentary navigation, he was two hours ahead of schedule and only three miles off course. He flew past England and by 3 p.m. EST was flying over France. It was 8 p.m. in France, and night was falling.

At the Le Bourget Aerodrome in Paris, tens of thousands of Saturday night revelers had gathered to await Lindbergh's arrival. At 10:24 a.m. local time, his gray and white monoplane slipped out of the darkness and made a perfect landing in the air field. The crowd surged on The Spirit of St. Louis, and Lindbergh, weary from his 33 1/2-hour, 3,600-mile journey, was cheered and lifted above their heads. He hadn't slept for 55 hours. Two French aviators saved Lindbergh from the boisterous crowd, whisking him away in an automobile. He was an immediate international celebrity.

President Calvin Coolidge dispatched a warship to take the hero home, and "Lucky Lindy" was given a ticker-tape parade in New York and presented with the Congressional Medal of Honor. His place in history, however, was not complete.

In 1932, he was the subject of international headlines again when his infant son, Charles Jr., was kidnapped, unsuccessfully ransomed, and then found murdered in the woods near the Lindbergh home. German-born Bruno Richard Hauptmann was convicted of the crime in a controversial trial and then executed. Then, in the late 1930s and early 1940s, Lindbergh became a spokesperson for the U.S. isolationism movement and was sharply criticized for his apparent Nazi sympathies and anti-Semitic views. After the outbreak of World War II, the fallen hero traveled to the Pacific as a military observer and eventually flew more than two dozen combat missions, including one in which he downed a Japanese aircraft. Lindbergh's war-time service largely restored public faith in him, and for many years later he worked with the U.S. government on aviation issues. In 1954, President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed him brigadier general in the Air Force Reserve. He died in Hawaii in 1974.

Lindbergh's autobiographical works include "We" (1927), The Spirit of St. Louis (1953) and The Wartime Journals of Charles A. Lindbergh (1970).


Wednesday, May 20, 2015

The New Polaris Library System

The Reading Public Libraries and the Yocum Library are installing a new library system.

In the coming weeks we ask for your patience and understanding as we learn this new system.

During this time patrons cannot check any item out without their library card. The system is in an off-line mode and it is not possible to look up a patron’s record.

Any items returned during this time will not be returned to the shelves, therefore they cannot be checked out.

Faculty, students and staff must have their library card to access the computers.

Thank you for your understanding.
The Yocum Library Staff.

Word of the Day,

1. a slight, unreal, or superficial likeness or semblance.
2. an effigy, image, or representation: a simulacrum of Aphrodite.

We, the simulacrum and I, did share a narrow bed that night together in Magda's home, but the simulacrum did not permit the dog, whose napping company I had grown accustomed to, to join us.
-- Rivka Galchen, Atmospheric Disturbances, 2008

Simulacrum is related to the word simulate. It comes from the Latin word simulācrum which means "likeness, image."


Meet the Yocum Library Staff - Rachel Fisher

Name: Rachel Fisher
Position in Library: Student Staff/ Service Desk
Educational Background: High School Diploma from Wilson High School 2010
Studying Liberal Arts Transfer at RACC or Arts Transfer
Favorite Books: Twilight- by Stephenie Meyer Hamlet- by William Shakespeare
Favorite Movie: James and The Giant Peach and Pan’s Labyrinth
Favorite Area of Library: The Tower Room
Special Interest: I love movies and learning new things
Hobby: Photography, Drawing, and Magazine Collage
Member of the Environment Club

Library Humor