Welcome to The Yocum Library of Reading Area Community College's Blog!

For many years we have published a print newsletter for the RACC community that provided information on the library's staff, resources, and services. In order to provide information on a more timely basis, we decided to switch to the blog format. We hope that you enjoy learning more about The Yocum Library of RACC.

Thursday, July 31, 2014

Word of the Day

 \ dis-am-BIG-yoo-eyt \ , verb;  
1.to remove the ambiguity from; make unambiguous: In order to disambiguate the sentence "She lectured on the famous passenger ship," you'll have to write either "lectured on board" or "lectured about."

The additional specifications on the part of Spanish offer the reader a grammatical signal about word relationships that helps to disambiguate  sentences. English, in contrast, offers little grammatical signaling here.
-- Edited by Elfrieda H. Hiebert, "Reading More, Reading Better ," 2009

The general idea behind this disambiguation task is that some verbs have different meanings and the context in which they appear is used to disambiguate  them.
-- Edited by Dawei Song et al., "Quantum Interaction ," 2011

Disambiguate  entered English in the 1960s as the negative verbal equivalent to ambiguous . Interestingly, there is no verb form of ambiguous  in English.


Genealogy Links

Sources Useful for Many Searches

A large collection of genealogy sources https://www.familysearch.org/

Free online genealogical courses https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html

Genealogical sites for every state and county in the U.S. http://www.usgenweb.org/

Free genealogical resources from Ancestry http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/

A directory of genealogical sources http://www.cyndislist.com/

Berks County Resources
A large collection of Berks County records http://berks.pa-roots.com/

Berks County Genealogical Society http://www.berksgenes.org/

The Historical Society of Berks County http://www.berkshistory.org/library/

Berks County Register of Wills (wills, marriages, deaths, births)

Berks County Prothonotary (immigrations, naturalizations, divorces) http://prothy.co.berks.pa.us/search_genealogical/

Berks County Recorder of Deeds (deeds & mortgages) http://www.co.berks.pa.us/Dept/Deeds/Pages/OnlineRecordsSearchInstructions.aspx

Historical Maps and Locators
Overlays of current maps with historical maps http://www.historicmapworks.com/

A digital collection of historical maps http://www.davidrumsey.com/

Library of Congress Maps http://www.loc.gov/topics/maps.php

A finding aid to obtain enumeration districts for census records 1880-1940 http://stevemorse.org/census/index.html

Searchable surname distribution map of Poland http://www.moikrewni.pl/mapa/

Ellis Island http://www.ellisisland.org/

Free Census Records
U.S. 1940s census http://1940census.archives.gov

Ireland 1901 & 1911 http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie

Death Records
Recent Obituaries http://www.legacy.com/ns/obitfinder/obituary-search.aspx

Cemetery transcriptions http://www.interment.net/

Cemetery transcriptions and photos http://www.findagrave.com

Country & Translation Aids
Google Translate http://translate.google.com/

Latin Words and Phrases

German Research https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22Germany%22

German Script

German Handwriting / Kurrent Pt. 1

German Handwriting / Kurrent Pt. 2

German Handwriting / Kurrent Pt. 3

Researching Hispanic Heritage

Spanish Script Tutorial

Searching En Espanol

Irish Research

Italian Research

Polish Research

Russian Research


Meet the Yocum Staff- Jolene M. Flamm

Name: Jolene M. Flamm.
Position in Library: Library Assistant.
Educational Background: AA―Liberal Arts―Reading Area Community College 2013.
Favorite Book: Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland.
Favorite Movie: Singing in the Rain.
Favorite Area of Library: The movie section because it’s great to see all the new DVDs. Thanks Pat!!
Special Interest: Reading heartwarming funny books or anything from Brendan O’Carroll, Jodi Picoult or Joyce Carroll Oates; making coffee or tea; writing with a fountain pen; watching old movies; walking through a forest or Hawk Mountain; camping; eating; taking pictures of nature; spending time with my soul mate.
Hobby: bird watching, photography, and drawing.

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Library Humor

Word of the Day

 \ gi-BOS-i-tee \, noun;  
1.a protuberance or swelling.
2.the state of being gibbous.

If people come here I can't very well make myself presentable, with the gibbosity  of this confounded bandage, but at least I needn't give offense to decency.
-- Rex Stout, "Too Many Cooks ," 1938

...she commiserated with Anne on all she had missed—the garden, the stars, the scent of flowers, the meteorites through whose summer shower the earth was now passing, the rising moon and its gibbosity .
-- Aldous Huxley, "Crome Yellow ," 1921

Gibbosity  is related to the word gibbous , which comes from the Latin gibbōsus  meaning "humped."


Copyright, Fair Use, & Plagiarism Resources

Summary of Civil and Criminal Penalties for Violation of Federal Copyright Laws

Copyright infringement is the act of exercising, without permission or legal authority, one or more of the exclusive rights granted to the copyright owner under section 106 of the Copyright Act (Title 17 of the United States Code). These rights include the right to reproduce or distribute a copyrighted work. In the file-sharing context, downloading or uploading substantial parts of a copyrighted work without authority constitutes an infringement.

Penalties for copyright infringement include civil and criminal penalties. In general, anyone found liable for civil copyright infringement may be ordered to pay either actual damages or "statutory" damages affixed at not less than $750 and not more than $30,000 per work infringed. For "willful" infringement, a court may award up to $150,000 per work infringed. A court can, in its discretion, also assess costs and attorneys' fees. For details, see Title 17, United States Code, Sections 504, 505.

Willful copyright infringement can also result in criminal penalties, including imprisonment of up to five years and fines of up to $250,000 per offense.
For more information, please see the website of the U.S. Copyright Office at www.copyright.gov especially their FAQs at www.copyright.gov/help/faq


Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Reading Chart Statistics Recanted

A book facts chart has been making the rounds on social media.

The source of these statistics is (www.robertbrewer.org) Now the original poster has recanted them.

Here is a link to that article:
It contains a very different graphic now.

For a much more credible and positive look at American reading habits

Scheduled Classes for Computers

12:15 p.m.-1:30 p.m. Reserved-Mrs. Moyer
Where:Yocum  Instruction  Area
Description: Mrs. Lois Moyer ORl102 (15) Introduction to Library PowerPoint presented by Ms.Kim Stahler.

Word of the Day

 \fuh-VOH-nee-uhn\, adjective;  
1.of or pertaining to the west wind.
2.mild or favorable; propitious.

It wanders, with ecstasy, through groves adorned with perennial verdure, while Favonian gales perfume the ever-smiling skies.
-- Richard Lobb, "Reflections on Winter," The Contemplative Philosopher, 1817

Pour’d a profusion of delicious teas,/ Which, wafted by a soft favonian breeze,/ Supply’d the wat’ry deities.
-- Mercy Otis Warren, “The Squabble of the Sea Nymphs,” Boston Gazette, 1774

And the weather was hardly favonian—it couldn't have been much worse.
-- Tom Parrett, "Down the River and Over the Sea," Motor Boating & Sailing, 1980

Favonian comes from Favonius, the ancient Roman personification of the west wind. The word entered English in the mid-1600s.


The Academic Testing Center

The Academic Testing Center (ATC) closes for the Summer Session on Saturday, August 2nd.  It will reopen for Fall 2014 Semester on Monday, September 15th.

The Fall Semester ATC schedule will be posted shortly on the RACC website http://www.racc.edu/Yocum/testing.aspx

Monday, July 28, 2014

Scheduled Classes for Computers

12:15 p.m.-1:30 p.m. Reserved-Mrs. Moyer
Where:Yocum  Instruction  Area
Description: Mrs. Lois Moyer ORl102 (15) Introduction to Library PowerPoint presented by Ms.Kim Stahler.

Word of the Day

 \ AG-lit \, noun;  
1.a metal tag or sheath at the end of a lace used for tying, as of a shoelace.
2.(in the 16th and 17th centuries) an ornament at the end of a point or other ribbon used to secure a garment.
3.aiguillette (def. 1).

One of the aglets  at the end of his shoelace contained a highly compressed irritant agent, primarily Chloroacetophenone—a mild but smoky form of tear gas.
-- Tom Clancy, " Balance of Power ," 1998

"The aglet ," I said. “And the little metal ring that reinforces the rim of the eyelet through which the aglet  passes. We're doing the physics of language, Shay."
-- Don DeLillo, "Underworld ," 1997

Aglet  is derived from the Middle French word aiguille  meaning "needle."


Interlibrary Loans Originated by The Yocum Library

An interlibrary loan (ILL) is a request for a cataloged item that is owned by a library outside of The Yocum Library or the Advanced Library Information Network (ALIN) of Berks County. A request for a cataloged item that is available through the ALIN network is an intralibrary loan request and is processed using the ALIN “Hold” procedure although a request for a periodical article that is available within the ALIN network is considered an interlibrary loan..

The Yocum Library's mission provides the foundation for its provision of interlibrary loan services. Due to the high costs involved in the interlibrary loan process, this service is provided only to members of the RACC community – RACC students, staff, faculty, trustees, and alumni. Other library patrons should be referred to their public, college, or corporate libraries to obtain interlibrary loan services.

Members of the RACC community who are eligible for interlibrary loan services must have current library cards and no blocks, fines, charges, or overdue items on their library accounts. A library patron, who does not pick up an interlibrary loan item after notification of its receipt by The Yocum Library, will have a message placed on his/her library account; three or more such messages will block the patron from making more interlibrary loan requests from The Yocum Library. The Yocum Library reserves the right to deny interlibrary loan services to anyone who has not complied with the interlibrary loan guidelines and procedures in the past.

Because of the delay involved in obtaining interlibrary loan materials, an interlibrary loan request should be the product of a session with a librarian, so that the patron is first provided with as much information as possible from The Yocum Librarys resources.

The Yocum Library reserves the right to refuse a request which violates local, state, or federal laws, such as, but not limited to, copyright violations.

Library Humor,

Sunday, July 27, 2014

Word of the Day

 \ AHR-der \, noun;  
1.great warmth of feeling; fervor; passion: She spoke persuasively and with ardor .
2.intense devotion,eagerness, or enthusiasm; zeal: his well-known ardor for Chinese art. 3.burning heat.

How could that not speak to a million moviegoers? If they embraced Hoffman with ardor , it was in part because he looked so uncool, and so unbeautiful, and because he so obviously hailed from the same tribe as they did, and because there was a kind of beauty, after all, in the flame of feeling that got stoked inside that sweaty heft and pallor.
-- Anthony Lane, "The Master," The New Yorker , Feb. 17, 2014

Although I had a gift for self-pity, I knew her case would then be worse than mine; for it would be worse to see, as she would see, the ardor  in his eyes give place to kindliness than never to have ardor  there.
-- Rebecca West, "The Return of the Soldier ," 1918

Ardor  comes from the Latin ārd(ēre)  meaning "to burn" and the suffix -or , which often occurs in loanwords from Latin and denotes a condition or property of things. In Middle English, this word was often spelled ardure .


Meet the Yocum Staff - Helen Rolon

Name: Helen Rolon
Position in Library: Yocum Staff
Educational Background: Reading Area Community College, Liberal Arts Transfer
Favorite Books: The Road (Cormac McCarthy), The Wednesday Sisters (Meg Waite Clayton)
Favorite Movie: Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya Sisterhood
Favorite Area of Library: The tower room
Special Interest: Movies and Books, Missionary work
Hobby: Reading, dancing, music, travel.

Library Humor

Saturday, July 26, 2014

WebAdvisor - Online Application - Online Services Unavailable

The online application and other web-based features including WebAdvisor will be unavailable
at 5 PM Friday 7/25 through 7 AM Tuesday 7/29.
Web Services Maintenance
Due to IT maintenance, the following online services will be unavailable on Friday, August 25 through 7 AM Tuesday, August 29:
Online payment services- unavailable after 2 PM Friday
WebAdvisor applications- unavailable after 5 PM Friday
Online Application- Please use alternative format by clicking here.

The Central Intelligence Agency created July 26, 1947

The Central Intelligence Agency was created July 26, 1947.

History of the CIA

The United States has carried out intelligence activities since the days of George Washington, but only since World War II have they been coordinated on a government-wide basis. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed New York lawyer and war hero, William J. Donovan, to become first the Coordinator of Information, and then, after the US entered World War II, head of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) in 1942. The OSS – the forerunner to the CIA – had a mandate to collect and analyze strategic information. After World War II, however, the OSS was abolished along with many other war agencies and its functions were transferred to the State and War Departments.
It did not take long before President Truman recognized the need for a postwar, centralized intelligence organization. To make a fully functional intelligence office, Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 establishing the CIA. The National Security Act charged the CIA with coordinating the nation’s intelligence activities and correlating, evaluating and disseminating intelligence affecting national security.

Books on the CIA in the Yocum Library Collection

Some books on the CIA in the Yocum Library Collection

CIA: the myth and the madness [by] Patrick J. McGarvey.
by McGarvey, Patrick J.
New York, Saturday Review Press [1972]

Dirty work : the CIA in Western Europe / edited by Philip Agee and Louis Wolf.
New York : Dorset Press, 1987, c1978.

Veil : the secret wars of the CIA, 1981-1987 / Bob Woodward.
by Woodward, Bob.
New York : Simon and Schuster, c1987.

Honorable treachery : a history of U.S. intelligence, espionage, and covert action from the American Revolution to the CIA / G.J.A. O'Toole.
by O'Toole, G. J. A. (George J. A.), 1936-
New York : Atlantic Monthly Press, c1991.

The big white lie : the CIA and the cocaine/crack epidemic : an undercover odyssey / Michael Levine with Laura Kavanau-Levine.
by Levine, Michael.
New York : Thunder's Mouth Press ; Emeryville, CA : Publishers Group West, c1993.

The very best men : four who dared : the early years of the CIA / Evan Thomas.
by Thomas, Evan.
New York : Simon & Schuster, c1995.

Acid dreams : the complete social history of LSD : the CIA, the sixties, and beyond / Martin A. Lee and Bruce Shlain ; with an introduction by Andrei Codrescu.
by Lee, Martin A.
New York : Grove Weidenfeld, 1992.

Dark alliance : the CIA, the contras, and the crack cocaine explosion / Gary Webb.
by Webb, Gary.
New York : Seven Stories Press, 1998.

Dark alliance : the CIA, the contras, and the crack cocaine explosion / Gary Webb.
by Webb, Gary.
New York : Seven Stories Press ; London : Turnaround, 1999.

Holy war, Inc. : inside the secret world of Osama bin Laden / Peter L. Bergen.
by Bergen, Peter L., 1962-
New York : Free Press, c2001.

Word of the Day

 \ luh-SIN-ee-eyt, -it \, adjective;  
1.Botany, Zoology . cut into narrow, irregular lobes; slashed; jagged.

Plants with entire petals occur mainly in the northern half of the range, whilst plants with crenate to laciniate  petals occur mainly in Greece.
-- Edited by T. G. Tutin, "Flora Europaea ," Volume 1, 1964

An armchair stood by the sofa, but I always avoided it because of its golden satin, the mere sight of which caused a laciniate  shiver to branch from my spine like nocturnal lightning.
-- Vladimir Nabokov, "Speak, Memory: An Autobiography Revisited ," 1966

Laciniate  entered English in the 1750s from the word lacinia  which referred to a jagged part of a leaf.


Friday, July 25, 2014

Author's Quotes


Word of the Day

 \ MON-i-ker \, noun;  
1.Slang . a person's name, especially a nickname or alias.

The moniker  caught fire, and cultural shorthand would never be the same.
-- Kim Ode, "A generation's moniker can shape its destiny," Star Tribune , June 6, 2014

Or maybe the Iranians had finally heard the old seaman's moniker  for submarines and decided not to touch their new naval vessels again—they'd once been known as "pigboats," after all.
-- Tom Clancy, "Debt of Honor ," 1994

Moniker  is derived from the Shelta word mŭnnik  meaning "name." It entered English in the mid-1800s. Shelta is an argot used in parts of the British Isles based in part on Irish.


New Page on Ebooks Links

E-books are books in a digital format that are accessed via the Internet. Some of the e-book collections listed below are available only to RACC students, staff, and faculty.
eBook Collection on EBSCOhost (RACC only)
Oxford Reference Library (RACC only)
Oxford English Dictionary (RACC only)
Springer E-Books (coming soon) (RACC only)
Overdrive E-Books 
(RACC & Berks County Public Libraries card holders)
Project Gutenberg (free access for everyone)
Google Books 
(free full-text access for books in the public domain)
Library of Congress Digitized Rare Books & Collections 
(free access for everyone)